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Who are my heroes essay

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Who are my heroes essay

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Apprentice Plumber Resume Example. My Heroes? An apprentice plumber, you may not yet have a long track record of professional experience, but your training program is on track, and you have a clear vision for the future of your career. As you search for employers who can take you on gender and provide the hands-on exposure you need, you#8217;ll start with a strong resume. Use this apprentice plumber resume example as a guide while you draft and format your own document. Create separate sections outlining your education, practical experience, and skill sets. My Heroes? Then draft a concise summary that highlights the most important aspects of your profile. An apprentice plumber needs the right training, a desire to learn, and a professional resume. Create your resume using the resume examples below, and take the next step toward a new job.

These resume examples have been created as a guide to investment management help you build your own apprentice plumber resume. Get started today and move your career forward! Resume Tips for Apprentice Plumber. Jobseekers must do more than apply to my heroes essay jobs. They must also stand out among the competition of other qualified candidates. That requires jobseekers to utilize different tools and management, techniques. Here are a handful of who are my heroes essay tips to get noticed for jobs as a apprentice plumber and in the Riverside County area: 1. Market yourself through a personal website. You are your best your salesman. A personal website that showcases your work and conveys your value aˆ also known as your brand aˆ to potential employers.

2. Beef up your social media presence. Companies are using social media as an informal background check on applicants. Make sure that your social media profiles, especially LinkedIn, are current, accurate and professional. Edition? 3. Build relationships offline. In other words, get out and network. It#8217;s natural to want to who are essay stay behind a computer and apply for jobs. However, your networking contacts may be in a position to get your resume in front of the hiring manager at a company. 4. Engage in conversations. Being ready with few conversational icebreakers help to make your networking event less intimidating and term paper gender discrimination, more productive. For example, an my heroes essay elevator speech aˆ a short statement about dissertation chapter, your value and the type of work you#8217;re looking for aˆmakes you prepared for the question, what do you do?

5. Keep your head up. It#8217;s possible for who are the search for jobs as a apprentice plumber to last several weeks or months. However, growing your network, social media presence and dissertation outline chapter 1, skills during your job hunt is who are my heroes essay just as valuable as landing a job. Apprentice Plumber Job Seeking Tips. The resume plays an roman law research important role in your job search. A resume conveys your skills, strengths and value. Judging an applicant#8217;s resume, companies determine whether to interview the candidate or move on. Here are a handful of essay tips that help get your resume noticed for jobs as a apprentice plumber: 1. Management? Quantify you accomplishments.

Numerical figures give concrete detail to your success stories. Who Are My Heroes? For example, include the number of people you supervised or the sales dollar amount you generated for your company. Paper? 2. Summarize your value with a skills summary or profile statement. Placing those sections at the top of your resume ensure that they are the first things that are read by the recruiter. 3. Incorporate reader-friendly elements, such as a bulleted list, strategic use of white space around sections, appropriate font sizes for headings and resume body copy. 4. Include keywords from the my heroes essay job description. Many companies are using database screening programs to search for keywords before a live person views a resume. 5. Focus on skills that are transferrable to investment jobs as a apprentice plumber.

Companies always need employees who are able to meet deadlines, communicate clearly and learn quickly. Attract attention with professional resume designs. Who Are Essay? Finalize and download your resume in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional resume designs. Improve your resume with our pre-written text. Finalize and download your resume in law research paper, multiple formats. Improve your resume with our pre-written text.

Attract attention with professional resume designs. Finalize and download your resume in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional resume designs. Improve your resume with our pre-written text. Finalize and download your resume in multiple formats. Improve your resume with our pre-written text. Attract attention with professional resume designs.

Finalize and download your resume in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional resume designs. Improve your resume with our pre-written text. Who Are Essay? Finalize and investment, download your resume in multiple formats. Improve your resume with our pre-written text. Company: Amari Plumbing. Date Range: 12/2012 Current. Installing all the my heroes Underground and dissertation 1, Aboveground Of the DWV and venting system,water mains,water lines and water meters,gas trains, gas lines and gas meters.Installing and servicing all Restaurant Appliances,floor drains,mop sinks,water heaters,3-bay sinks,garbage disposals,grease traps.New construction and Remodeling. Company: A. DiReda Plumbing and Heating. Date Range: Apr 2011 to my heroes Sep 2013.

Started at entry level position, worked with the owner to gain knowledge of residential service work. Provided Customer Service communications and recommendations regarding repairs, replacements, and upgrades. Capable of cleaning drain lines. After one years time, began working on new construction housing. Responsibilities included drilling out houses, installing all drains and vents, and running all water pipe. Harlem? Exceptional knowledge of who are installing all varieties of fixtures. Ability to install sump pumps and sewerage ejectors. Responsible for paper driving box truck to and from job site every day, as well as stocking, organizing, and cleaning the my heroes essay truck. Independent decision maker on edition the job site.

Neat and my heroes, accurate completed results. Knowledge of gas piping, including how to run a pipe threading machine. Skilled in forced hot water heating systems, including new high efficiency technology. Highly trusted amongst foreman on all jobs. Responsible for submitting daily logs stating job progress. Maintained tools and equipment to keep them in paper discrimination, excellent working condition.Followed relevant codes, regulations and safety techniques.Performed emergency on-call work hours during the who are my heroes evening, weekends and some holidays.

Cut openings in walls and floors to accommodate pipe and pipe fittings. Company: Economy Plumbing and Heating. Date Range: 10/2011 12/2012. As an apprentice plumber it was my job to take actions that would allow for the most efficient work of the plumbers I was working under, such as preparing all necessary tools and materials for the current project. Law Research? Additionally, I was put in my heroes essay, the position to receive and and inventory shipments of materials to job sites.

Date Range: 06/2007 to 02/2010. Started apprenticeship in 2007 and finished in 2011. I have a total of six years of on site experience. 1? Also worked for Water Works Plmg. and Paul W. My Heroes? Wilson Plmg. Company: Plumbing Pros LLC. Paper Gender Discrimination? Date Range: 04/2011 to 06/2013. Worked in the shop part time for about a year and a half while in high school, and have been working in the field full-time since i graduated from high school. I perform pipe fabrication, installation and fitting according to proper specifications.

I identify and locate required tools prior to starting each project. Who Are? Inspected pipes and piping systems to assess their quality and condition. Hoisted loads using slings, chains, shackles, hooks, cables and outline chapter 1, other rigging equipment. Installed and replaced water heaters, drain pipes and water supply lines. Followed relevant codes, regulations and safety techniques.Installed new and existing plumbing lines up to 10 inches in essay, diameter. Installed and repaired gas lines and hot and cold water lines. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. LiveCareer’s builder, resume examples, and resume writing tips are featured on some of the edition world’s top online and my heroes essay, offline publications including: Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service.

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man ray essay The following essays were written by Francis M. Naumann and Gail Stavitsky for the illustrated catalogue Conversion to Modernism -- The Early Work of Man Ray , ISBN 0-8135-3147-0 , which accompanied a February 16 - August 3, 2003 exhibition at The Montclair Art Museum. The essays are reprinted with permission of the Montclair Art Museum and without illustrations. If you have questions or comments regarding the essays, or wish to purchase a copy of the catalogue, please contact the Montclair Art Museum directly through either this phone number or web address: Editor's Note: The chapters of the who are my heroes essay Conversion to Modernism by Francis M. Naumann and the essay Artists and Art Colonies of Ridgefield, New Jersey by Gail Stavitsky are being published in investment management a series of online printings. As the sections become available, links will be furnished to them. AFTERWORD: Artists and who are my heroes essay, Art Colonies of Ridgefield, New Jersey by Gail Stavitsky. We took the ferry to edition, the Jersey side and a trolley to the top of the Palisades.

It was open country without any houses. We walked up a road for about half a mile and came to my heroes, a clump of woods. We followed a narrow path for another 10 minutes with silence all around us except for the twittering of a bird now and then, and came out on an open hillside with a panoramic view of a valley. In the foreground, scattered here and there stood a few simple and picturesque little houses with fruit trees in between. To the right, among taller trees, could be seen more substantially built rustic stone houses. It certainly looked like my idea of an barthes essay, artists' colony. - MAN RAY, Self Portrait. During the who are essay 1890s, the hillside community of Ridgefield, New Jersey, emerged as a noteworthy locale for growing numbers of dissertation outline 1 artists, many of whom sought a quiet, bucolic retreat from the noise and who are essay, crowds of harlem renaissance Manhattan. [1] Located atop the Palisades, across the Hudson River from my heroes Morningside Heights in New York City, Ridgefield was incorporated as a borough in 1892. With immigrants moving there as early as the seventeenth century, it was the second English settlement in New Jersey. Investment Management! Artists and writers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were primarily attracted to the Heights section near Ridgefield's borders with Cliffside Park and Fairview, commonly designated as Grantwood (figs. 203, 44). [2] As recalled by former longtime resident William Monaghan, this bucolic area was once fertile with woods and fields and wells and paths of mystery. [3] Along streets named Studio Road, Art Lane, and Sketch Place, creative minds congregated.

Today, almost all of the artists' homes and vacation shacks have been bulldozed and replaced with larger houses. Only these street names and my heroes essay, a few original homes remain, along with the panoramic vistas, stretching beyond the meadows to paper discrimination, the Watchung Mountains. One of the first artists to who are essay, settle in term gender discrimination this area was the my heroes illustrator, portraitist, and genre painter James E. Maxfield (1848-?), who built a house on the southwest corner of Studio Road and Art Lane that still exists. [4] Maxfield's home became the headquarters for edition the Country Sketch Club, founded by his friend Van Dearing Perrine (1869-1955), which was officially formed in 1897 and who are essay, flourished from 1898 to 1912. A student at the National Academy of Design, Perrine met Maxfield around 1895 and confessed his academic difficulties. The elder Maxfield suggested that Perrine retreat to Ridgefield in order to practice sketching directly from nature, a practice that was not sponsored by the Academy.

In exchange for use of Maxfield's property, Perrine built a rustic bungalow, which served as a dwelling and studio for roland barthes narrative essay the two artists. Perrine's biographer Lolita L. W. Flockhart described his initial enthusiastic encounter with Maxfield's Ridgefield property as follows: When Van first saw this property - a lovely woodland on my heroes essay, the slope of gender discrimination a hill above the peaceful Hackensack Valley - patches of dogwood bloom shone among the elms and oaks, not yet in full leaf. For several years he had been cut off by pavements from the who are earth that he loved, enslaved by artificial city ways . Now he came back to the pantheism of his childhood . The loneliness that his soul craved. received satisfaction in the mysterious lights and shades on the slopes of Ridgefield. [5] Returning to the National Academy School in 1896 with some of his Ridgefield sketches, Perrine kindled the enthusiasm of fellow students; soon on the weekends a sanguine group were invading the hills and dells of Ridgefield, the nucleus of the Country Sketch Club. [6] Among these friends were the artists Maurice Sterne (1878-1957) and Clem B. Davis, Perrine's city flatmates. In his memoirs, Sterne recalled his camaraderie in Ridgefield with urban realist William Glackens (1870-1938) and the charming watercolorist George Overbury Pop Hart (1868-1933), a resident of nearby Coytesville who sang wonderful songs. [7] Also drawn to the natural beauty of Ridgefield were fellow National Academy students Alfred H. Maurer (1868-1932) and Samuel A. Weiss (1874-?).

Others who came to Ridgefield and would become involved with the Country Sketch Club were Albert L. Groll (1866-1952), Edmond Weill (1877-?), Grant Wright (1865-1935), Ernest David Roth (1879-1964), E. Tracey Noe, and George Glenn Newell (1870-1947). [8] One of the club's Ridgefield outings was picturesquely characterized by dissertation 1 Perrine's biographer: Later in the season - on a beautiful June day in 1897 - the group followed Perrine to their choice outdoor sketching field. Cattle browsed in the lush grass, a woods in the background provided grateful shade, and before them stretched a long view over who are the valley to dissertation 1, the misty purple mountains beyond the river. [9] The club's objectives were defined as the encouragement of individual work among members and the fostering of an art native to this country. [10] Its membership grew rapidly, and in 1898 its first exhibition was held. The following year's well-received show at the National Academy of Design was organized as a benefit to raise funds for a new clubhouse in essay Ridgefield. Edition! In the foreword for the exhibition catalogue, Edmond Weill articulated the group's desire for a permanent home where students with limited means and who are essay, time can paint and narrative essay, study, unrestrained from the drudgery of the classroom. He characterized the current clubhouse as being situated on the slope of my heroes a steep hill, overlooking a most picturesque part of the Hackensack valley, from where the surrounding country stretches out in a broad and edition, beautiful expanse. My Heroes! [11 ] A reviewer for The Art Collector observed that its members, working away for edition a couple of years, had caused the Academy to start quaking in its very shoes. My Heroes! [12] Contributing nonacademic paintings as fair and wholesome and sincere as a meadow lit by harlem the sun, the club members offered urban and rural subjects that reflected their dual headquarters in New York City and who are, Ridgefield. [13] Van Dearing Perrine was singled out for the reckless sincerity [of] his land and sea work (fig.

204). [14] Perrine eventually became known as the Thoreau of the Palisades for his somber, turbulent canvases of massive rock, sky, and water painted between 1902 and 1912. [15] A turning point in the history of the Country Sketch Club occurred in 1901 with the renaissance thesis presentation of a large show of 139 paintings and sketches by twenty-four artists at who are my heroes essay, the Art Institute of Chicago. Among the exhibitors was William Glackens, whose participation has been traced to a visit made by his teacher and colleague Robert Henri (1865-1929) to Ridgefield in 1900. Residing in renaissance Fort Lee, New Jersey, Perrine himself did not exhibit and essay, became less involved; his New York City studio was no longer listed as the dissertation outline chapter 1 club's urban headquarters. My Heroes Essay! There was evidently a shift in edition emphasis from a study group and my heroes, sketching club closely engaged with Ridgefield's natural scenery to a loose confederation of cosmopolitan, progressive artist-visitors to the area, concerned primarily with exhibitions and investment management, social activities. By 1912 the club ceased to exist; many of its members, no longer students, had progressed to positions of influence and travel abroad. [16]

Other artists associated with Ridgefield during these early years were the painter-illustrator Robert Godfrey Sprunk (1862-1912), who bought a house there in the 1890s, the Tonalist painter William Sartain (1843-1924), and the painter Robert A. Carter (1860-?). Van Skyke, illustrator for the old Life magazine, and who are my heroes, sculptor Sigurd Neandross (1871-1958) were also residents. [17] The anarchist Emma Goldman (1869-1940) spent time in Ridgefield around 1910, enjoying its beauty and restfulness. [18] Bernard Karfiol (1886-1952), best known for his simplified paintings of classical nudes in interiors or landscape settings, created many of his earlier works in Ridgefield, where he was discovered in 1912 by the art patron Hamilton Easter Field (1873-1922). [19] Residing by the northwest corner of Art Lane and Studio Road until about the mid-twenties, Karfiol later recalled that Ridgefield in time became quite a lively colony of artists and writers. [20] A second and forward-thinking chapter of Ridgefield as a bucolic artists' colony occurred during Man Ray's residence there for approximately three years between late 1912 and the end of 1915. During his first visit, in the fall of 1912, Man Ray was accompanied by his painter friend Samuel Halpert (1884-1930), who had invited him to experience an art colony on the Jersey side. [21] Man Ray had met the edition older artist and who are essay, pioneering modernist at the Ferrer Center, a progressive educational institution in New York, and received encouragement from him to break away from academic influences. Edition! He and Halpert decided to share a shack that was among a group of houses in an orchard, rented in the summer to essay, painters. They were attracted to Ridgefield's picturesque views and edition, appreciated the my heroes essay walk through the edition woods and my heroes, cold clear water from a local well - regarded by Man Ray as symbols of an escape from the sordidness of the City. [22] Thinking of Thoreau, he hoped to liberate himself from the constraints of civilization. Thereafter, Halpert, who came out only on the weekends, joined the full-time resident Man Ray occasionally on painting excursions in the countryside and briefly exerted a strong modernist/Fauvist influence upon the younger artist (fig.

46). [23] The remaining room in the house was soon rented by Halpert's friend Alfred Kreymborg (1883-1966), the vanguard poet, journalist, playwright, and mandolin player who later wrote extensively about the Ridgefield colony in his autobiography Troubadour (1925). Having never received the benefits of an extended contact with nature, Kreymborg recalled falling in love with the view of the 1 Jersey meadows, striped and streaked with the Passaic and Hackensack rivers, lazily rolling away to the horizon. [24] Man Ray was very pleased with the additional companionship of who are my heroes essay Kreymborg, believing that the term gender group might develop into who are something more than merely an artists' colony; Ridgefield, New Jersey, could become an advanced cultural center embracing all the arts. [25] Man Ray's own aspirations to pursue writing as well as painting were further advanced by the arrival that summer in dissertation outline 1 1913 of the writer and painter Adon Lacroix (ca. 1888-ca. 1975), the companion of Man Ray's anarchist friend, the poet and sculptor Adolf Wolff (1883-1944). [26] Sharing Man Ray's desire to retreat from the city, Lacroix soon moved in with him, painting and writing prose and essay, free verse in solitude during the investment management day while Man Ray commuted to his work as a commercial artist in my heroes essay New York City.

The inaugural issue of a short-lived magazine, The Glebe , appeared in investment management September 1913, with poetry by Wolff and Man Ray's circular design for its title (fig. 62).27 The title chosen was an appropriate synonym for the soil or mother earth, which may have also been intended to reflect their rustic surroundings in essay Ridgefield. Man Ray and Lacroix were married in May 1914 in Ridgefield's historic Old English Neighborhood Church (1793) (fig. 96). Edition! Man Ray collaborated with his new wife on two projects, which he decided to design and publish locally.

Adonism (1914) comprised woodcuts and poems that are replete with landscape imagery, suggesting the artist's immersion in essay nature as a resident of Ridgefield (fig. 99). Featuring a schematic Ridgefield landscape on its cover, A Book of Divers Writing s by Adon Lacroix (January 1915) contained a play and harlem, six poems, which were designed, calligraphed, and hand-printed by Man Ray (fig. 132). [28] Excerpts from who are my heroes essay their writings were published in an article by Kreymborg that appeared in the Morning Telegraph on March 14, 1915. Residing on the heights of the picturesque town of Ridgefield, Man Ray and Lacroix enjoyed a glorious view of nature, [which] extends for miles and miles to the north, west, and south, beyond the Hackensack River and the Orange Mountains to Paterson.

Less than an hour from New York, they were at the heart of Nature, with all its solitude, its healthfulness, its inspiration, and its unlimited opportunities for work undisturbed - a privilege secured by these two economist dreamers for the humble sum of $8 per month. [29] Nevertheless, the solitude of Man Ray and Lacroix was pleasantly disrupted by groups of visitors, often on roland narrative, Sundays, including fellow students from the Ferrer Center, such as the artist and musician Manuel Komroff (1890-1974), who rented a nearby property and eventually became better known as a novelist. [30] Also associated with the essay Ferrer crowd was the visitor Max Eastman (1883-1969), founder and editor of the leftist magazine The Masses . [31] After an introduction by Kreymborg in law research paper New York, another regular visitor was the who are essay poet Alanson Hartpence (active ca. 1908-1919), who encouraged Charles Daniel (1878-1971), a collector and saloon owner, to open a gallery of modern art, where Man Ray would have his first one-man show in 1915. Hartpence was also the instigator of a seminal New Jersey camping trip into the wild country up the Hudson - Harriman State Park. [32] During this three-day excursion, Man Ray declared that he would no longer seek inspiration directly from nature. Instead, he announced that, upon his return to investment, Ridgefield, he would paint a series of imaginary landscapes based on essay, his recollection of the scenes and events that had taken place during the barthes essay course of the trip. Thus, this experience was a pivotal moment in Man Ray's conversion to who are my heroes, modernism and to roman law research, a greater degree of abstraction in his work. Others who came to essay, the town at that time included the poet Orrick Johns (1887-1946) and term discrimination, his wife, Peggy, who settled in Ridgefield in the. Who Are My Heroes! spring of 1915 to write and renaissance thesis, paint, discussing poetry with their nearest neighbors, Man Ray and Lacroix. There they found a country refuge from the fads and wartime hysterias that were taking possession of who are people in Greenwich Village. Harlem Thesis! [33] Another visitor who established a residence was the poet and writer Robert Carlton Brown (1886-1959). Essay! Parties at roman, his lavish stone home, adorned with murals by Komroff, were the colony's chief social attraction, and his home became a gathering place for my heroes essay the original Provincetown Players acting group.

His book Let There Be Beer (1932) captured the investment lively, boisterous spirit of these events, especially at the Old White House Tavern. [34] During the early fall of 1915, Man Ray received two important visitors. One was the infamous French artist Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), soon to become a leader of the New York Dada movement and my heroes essay, an influential, lifelong friend. The other was Walter Arensberg (1878-1954), a prominent collector of essay modern art, who, along with Kreymborg, had already developed the idea for another collaborative avant-garde magazine venture. The first issue of Others, a vanguard poetry magazine, was published in July 1915. Kreymborg, the manuscript handler, editor, and general manager, rented a shack at Ridgefield again, and essay, the social scene became increasingly lively as pioneering poets affiliated with Others mingled with anarchists, self-styled nature lovers, and dissertation, artists taking a break from the city, including Man Ray (fig. My Heroes Essay! 205) .[35] Orrick Johns, Mina Loy (1882-1966), Marianne Moore (1887-1972), Maxwell Bodenheim (1893-1954), Robert Alden Sanborn (188?-1962), Conrad Potter Aiken (1889-1973), Mary Carolyn Davies, Horace Holley (1887-1960), and Skipwith Cannell (1887-1957) were among the dissertation outline chapter writers who gathered at Ridgefield on Sundays with picnic lunches and, at times, manuscripts. Having worked mostly in isolation, they appreciated these opportunities to my heroes, come together and talk shop. Among the first and most significant contributors to Others , and a regular visitor to Ridgefield, was William Carlos Williams (1883-1963), the doctor-poet from nearby Rutherford, New Jersey, whom Kreymborg characterized as artist, scientist, and edition, madman. [36] Williams frequented Kreymborg's home to help with the who are essay magazine which had saved my life as a writer. [37] In his memoirs, Williams recalled having arguments over cubism which would fill an afternoon. It seemed daring to harlem thesis, omit capitals at the head of each poetic line. Rhyme went by the board.

We were, in my heroes essay short, 'rebels. Outline Chapter 1! [38] Williams, along with Malcolm Cowley, Johns, and Bodenheim, was part of the magazine's revolving editorship .[39] In 1917 Williams captured the beauty of the local surroundings in the following excerpt from who are my heroes essay his poem January Morning: Who knows the Palisades as I do knows the river breaks east from them above the city-but they continue south - under the sky-to bear a crest of term gender little peering houses that brighten with dawn behind the my heroes moody water-loving giants of gender Manhattan [40] With the success of Man Ray's exhibition of drawings and who are essay, paintings at the Daniel Gallery in November 1915 - six paintings were sold to the Chicago-based collector Arthur J. Eddy (1859-1920) - he and Lacroix moved from paper Ridgefield to who are, New York. Term Paper Discrimination! As he expressed to his wife, Man Ray desired to be spared a third winter in the country, exclaiming that he had had enough of this back-to-earth life - no more woodchopping or melting snow for who are water, for me. [41] Nevertheless, Man Ray had laid the modernist foundations for roman paper his future work as he developed the theoretical, formalist basis for his paintings as two-dimensional arrangements. Who Are Essay! Furthermore, Man Ray's desire, sparked during these years, to work from the imagination paved the way for his increasingly conceptual approach to art making from barthes 1917 onward. During the 19205 and beyond, another, less cohesive group of artists, writers, and musicians succeeded the circle of Man Ray, Kreymborg, and my heroes essay, the Others coterie. Still remaining in Ridgefield in the Sketch Place area were Manuel Komroff, as well as the novelist, radical journalist, and associate editor of The Masses, Floyd Dell (1887-1969), a resident since the First World War. [42] They were joined by the Impressionist painter William Tisch (1879-1972), a commercial artist who often created plein air landscape watercolors without any distraction of his hometown, in which he had settled in I925 .[43] Tisch's house was built by his close friend the Cubist painter, muralist, and designer Robert J. Martin (I888-I97I). [44] Residing in roland barthes narrative James Maxfield's former home was the sculptor, architectural decorator, and interior designer Leif Neandross (1896-?), son of the aforementioned Sigurd. My Heroes Essay! [45] Others who were in Ridgefield included several former students of Robert Henri who were associated with the Society of Independent Artists: Powers O'Malley (1870-1946), the roland barthes essay prolific plein air landscape painter Walter Farndon (1876-1964), and Charles Duncan (1892,-I952). [46] A frequent visitor to the area, as remembered by Tisch, was the pioneering modernist John Mann (1870-1953), who spent his youth in nearby Weehawken and my heroes essay, moved in 1920 to Cliffside Park, a few miles southeast of Ridgefield. Harlem Renaissance Thesis! [47] The attractions of Ridgefield remained unchanged for many years: primarily the availability of inexpensive studio space amidst a town replete with farmland and beautiful wooded hillsides but within an easy commute to New York City. Gradually, however, the redevelopment of Ridgefield and proliferation of large homes erased most traces of the bucolic colony, as hills were leveled, cottages and who are, trees bulldozed.

A few residents today, especially artists such as landscape painter and book designer Maria Pia Marrella, are, however, aware of the area's illustrious past and summon forth memories as they view the town's panoramic vistas: You're above the fray. We get great sunsets. I don't think I could leave because of dissertation chapter 1 this view. You get reminded of what it must have been like at the turn of the who are my heroes century. [48] During the late nineteenth and roman, early twentieth centuries, Ridgefield, New Jersey, was a surprisingly vital, episodic crucible for new developments in the arts, a rustic retreat where idealists came together to conceive the my heroes future social and aesthetic orders. Roman Law Research Paper! In this quaint hamlet, isolated yet close to New York City, numerous works of art were created in a variety of mediums by Man Ray and many others. These surviving artifacts attest to the Ridgefield colonists' little-known yet critical contributions to the world of literature and the arts, which merit further research.

1. Who Are My Heroes! The epigraph is from SP 2d ed., pp. 33-34. 2. Harlem Renaissance Thesis! For histories of Ridgefield, known originally as the English Neighborhood, see A History of the Borough of Ridgefield (Ridgefield: Ridgefield Exchange Club, 1964); From a Village in Ridgefield Township to the Borough of Ridgefield, Ridgefield Centennial (Bergen Newspaper Group, 1992), pp-3-31; the entire May 27, 1942, issue of the Bergen Bulletin; and Early History of Ridgefield Pictured by Historical Society Members, unidentified newspaper clipping dated February 1, 1908, Ridgefield Public Library Archives. For Ridgefield as an artists' colony, see Peter J. Sampson, Redevelopment Slowly Erasing Shadows of Artists' Colony, Record, June 19, 2000, pp. L1 L6; William H. Essay! Gerdts, Painting and Sculpture in New Jersey (Princeton: Van Nostrand, 1964), pp. 215-219; Lucy D. Rosenfeld, 3 Towns Where Creative Minds Congregated, New York Times, December 22, 1996, p. Gender Discrimination! 13. William H. Who Are My Heroes! Gerdts, Art across America: Two Centuries of narrative Regional Painting, 1710-1920, vol. My Heroes Essay! i (New York: Abbeville, 1990), pp. 258-261; Mel Most, A Time Long out of Mind: Ridgefield Art Colony in Retrospect, Record , January 21, 1975, pp.

A11, A13; Sheila Magee, Town's Past Art Thrived in Borough, Record , May 16, 1967, pp. C1 C3; and Ridgefield Home of Many Noted Authors and Artists, Bergen Bulletin, May 27, 1942, p. Roland Barthes Narrative! 14. See also Richard Burdi, An Art Colony and More, and Lila Locksley, A Bohemian Heaven on the Palisades, both unidentified newspaper clippings, Ridgefield Public Library Archives. 3. My Heroes Essay! William Monaghan, Those Were The Days, My Friend, Those Were the Days, typescript, p. Paper Gender Discrimination! 1, Ridgefield Public Library Archives. 4. The author is grateful for information on the little-known Maxfield received from David Dearinger, chief curator, National Academy Design Museum, in an e-mail of who are my heroes August 24, 2001, containing the text for the entry on Maxfield that will appear in the Museum's collection catalogue, to be published in renaissance early 2003. See also Who Was Who in American Art, vol. 2 (Madison, Conn.: Soundview Press, 1999), p. 2225. On Maxfield in Ridgefield, see Ridgefield Home of who are essay Many Noted Authors and Artists and Most, Time Long out of Mind. Edition! Maxfield's home was acquired by the sculptor, architectural decorator, and interior designer Leif Neandross (as discussed later in this essay), who sold it to the current owner, Mike Merse (interview, May 1, 2001).

5. Lolita L. W. Essay! Flockhart, A Full Life: The Story of Van Dearing Perrine (Boston: Christopher Publishing House, 1939), pp. 77, 101. Flockhart's book provides the most complete account of the Country Sketch Club (pp. 76-88, 94-130, 147, For recent accounts, see Arleen Pancza, Van Dearing Perrine and the Country Sketch Club, in Van Dearing Perrine: First Decade on the Palisades, 1902-1912 (New York: Graham Gallery, 1986), pp. 12-15, and Gerdts, Art across America , pp. 258-260. 6. Flockhart, Full Life , p. Investment! 94. 7. Charlotte Leon Mayerson, ed., Shadow and Light: The Life, Friends, and Opinions of Maurice Sterne (New York: Harcourt, Brace World, 1952), p. 38.

Sterne became best known for his figurative studies on the island of my heroes Bali from roman paper 1912 to 1915, which show the influence of the work of Gauguin and who are my heroes, Cezanne. For Glackens's evidently brief experiences in Ridgefield, see Flockhart, Full Life , p. Management! 137. 8. Who Are! Flockhart, Full Life , pp. 83, 87, 99, 114-123. See also Who Was Who in American Art , vol. 2, p. 2410, vol. 3, pp. Term Paper! 3499, 3507, 3645. 9. Flockhart, Full Life, p. 106.

10. Quoted in Pancza, Van Deering Perrine and the Country Sketch Club, p. Essay! 12. 11. Investment! Quoted in Flockhart, Full Life , p. 115. 12. Who Are! The Country Sketch Club, Art Collector 9 (June 1, 1899), p. 230. 15. Roland Barthes Narrative Essay! John I. H. Baur, Rediscovery: Van Dearing Perrine, Van Dearing Perrine: First Decade, p. 7. 16.

See Pancza, Van Dearing and the Country Sketch Club, pp. 13-14. Among those who exhibited in the 1901 show at the Art Institute of Chicago were Charles W. Hawthorne, Jonas Lie, Alfred H. Who Are! Maurer, Ernest David Roth, Paul Goeble, Albert L. Groll, G. Glenn Newell, and narrative essay, Maurice Sterne. 17. See Ridgefield Home of Many Noted Authors and Artists, Bergen Bulletin , May 27, 1942, p. 14, and A History of the Boreough of my heroes Ridgefield , p. [6]. See also Who Was Who in American Art, vol.1, p. 586, vol. 2, pp. 2225, 2394, 2469, vol. 3, pp. 2895, 3132.

18. Harlem! Emma Goldman, Living My Life (New York: Dover, 1970), p. 471; Most, Time Long out of who are Mind; Monaghan, Those Were the Days, p. [2]. 19. Gerdts, Painting and Sculpture in New Jersey, p. Law Research Paper! 215; Orrick Johns, Time of Our Lives: The Story of My Father and Myself (New York: Stackpole Sons, 1937), p. 225. 20. Bernard Karfiol, Bernard Karfiol (New York: American Artists Group, 1945), p. [8].

23. Essay! On Halpert, see Diane Tepfer, Edith Gregor Halpert and The Downtown Gallery Downtown, 1926-1940: A Study in American Art Patronage, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1989, p. Investment Management! 25, and Diane Tepfer, Samuel Halpert: A Conservative Modernist, Federal Reserve System, Washington D.C., 1991, pp. 10, 17. I am grateful to Diane Tepfer for an advance copy of her publication Samuel Halpert 1884-1930 Art and Life (New York: Millennium Partners, 2001), p. Who Are! 9. and plate 7, p. 30 discussion of Interior with Man Ray, 1913-1915. In an e-mail of August 9, 2001, Tepfer stated that Halpert never mentioned Man Ray or Ridgefleld in his writings that are included in her publication (e.g., Halpert's autobiographical letter of November 14, 1915, to John Weichsel). Outline Chapter 1! On Halpert's influence in Ridgefleld, see Francis M. Who Are Essay! Naumann, Man Ray, 1908-1921: From an Art in Two Dimensions to the Higher Dimension of Ideas, in Merry Foresta et al., Perpetual Motif The Art of barthes Man Ray (New York: Abbeville, 1988), pp. Who Are Essay! 55-56.

24. Alfred Kreymborg, Troubadour: An American Autobiography (New York: Sagamore Press, 1957), p. 200. 26. See Francis M. Naumann and Paul Avrich, Adolf Wolff, 'Poet, Sculptor, and edition, Revolutionist, but Mostly Revolutionist,' Art Bulletin 67 (September 1985), pp. 486-500, and Francis M. Naumann, Man Ray and America: The New York and Ridgefleld Years, 1907-1921, Ph.D. dissertation, City University of my heroes essay New York, 1988, op cit, pp. 6,8, 17-19. 27. On The Glebe , see Kreymborg, Troubadour , pp. 151-158, and Neil Baldwin, Man Ray: American Artist (New York: Da Capo Press, 1988), pp.

32-35. See also Naumann, Man Ray and America, pp. Outline 1! 5-6. 28. See Naumann, Man Ray and America, pp. 10-16, and who are my heroes, Baldwin, Man Ray: American Artist , pp. 39-40. 29.

Alfred Kreymborg, Man Ray and investment management, Adon La Croix, Economists, Morning Telegraph , March 14, 1915. 30. SP , 2d ed., pp. 43-44, Johns, Time of Our Lives , p. 225, and Naumann, Man Ray and America, pp. 10-11.

31. Baldwin, Man Ray: American Artist , p. 33; and Man Ray, SP , 2d ed., p. 40. 32. SP, 2d ed., p. 50 and pp. 45, 47-49, 52-53, 55, 56, 69. 33. Johns, Time of who are my heroes Our Lives , p. 224. 34. SP, 2d ed., pp.

48, Robert Canton Brown, Let There Be Beer (New York: Harrison, Smith Robert Haas, 1932), pp. 189, 195ff. See also William Carlos Williams, The Autobiography of William Carlos Williams (New York: New Directions, 1948), pp. Dissertation Chapter 1! 137-138. 35. Baldwin, Man Ray: American Artist, p. Who Are! 44. 36.

Kreymborg, Troubador , p. 243. See also Man Ray, SP , 2d ed., p. 40, and Neil Baldwin, To All Gentleness: William Carlos Williams, the Doctor Poet (New York: Atheneum, 1984), pp. 78-80. 37. Williams, Autobiography of William Carlos Williams , p. 135. 39. Naumann, Man Ray and America, pp. 19-20. 40. A. Walton Litz and Christopher MacGowan, eds., The Collected Poems of William Carlos Williams , vol. I 1909-1939 (New York: New Directions, 1986), pp.

102-103. 42. See Ridgefield Home of roland essay Many Noted Authors and Artists; Gerdts, Painting and who are essay, Sculpture in New Jersey , p. Edition! 218; Most, Time Long out of Mind; Monaghan, Those Were the Days, p. [2]; and Burdi, 'An Art Colony and More, p. Essay! 15. 43. David S. Heeren, Ridgefleld Art Colony Recalled In Octogenarian's Reminiscences, and investment, Bill Dalton, Painter Rich in my heroes Memories: Art Was His Life Style, unidentified clippings, Ridgefield Public Library Archives. 44. Harlem Thesis! Burdi, 'An Art Colony and More, p. 15 Edward Tuite, Octogenarian Artist Enjoys Talking: Tisch, 89, Recalls Ridgefield 'Colony' on the Hill, Hudson Dispatch , November 17, 1970, p. 2; Monaghan, Those Were the Days, p. 3, also mentions Carol Ruggles, a composer, on p. 7; and who are my heroes essay, Heeren, Ridgefield Art Colony Recalled, also mentions Anton Rovinsky, pianist, as a resident. 45. Most, Time Long out of Mind, and Personality Profile - Leif Neandross, Society News 16 (New York: General Society of roman paper Mechanics and Tradesmen of the my heroes City of New York), January I, 1975, pp.

4-7. 46. Gerdts, Painting and Sculpture in New Jersey , p. 218, and Who Was Who in American Art, vol. 1, pp. 979, 1086. 47. David S. Heeren, Ridgefield Art Colony Recalled In Octogenarian's Reminiscences. Edition! See also Lucy D. Rosenfeld, 3 Towns Where Creative Minds Congregated, p. 13, and who are, John Mann: The Weehawken Sequence (Jersey City: Jersey City Museum, 1985), essay by Robert Ferguson. 48.

Sampson, Redevelopment Slowly Erasing Shadows of Artists' Colony. Editor's Note: Please see other published articles and essays concerning Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky) in management this magazine: Read more articles and essays concerning this institutional source by visiting the sub-index page for the Montclair Art Museum in Resource Library Magazine. Search for more articles and essays on American art in Resource Library . See America's Distinguished Artists for biographical information on historic artists. This page was originally published in 2003 in Resource Library Magazine . Please see Resource Library's Overview section for more information.

Copyright 2012 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. , an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.

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Slagingspercentage in het voortgezet onderwijs boven de 90% Gemiddeld slaagt ruim 90% van de eindexamenkandidaten in who are het vo jaarlijks voor het examen. Edition? Dit aandeel is who are essay, de afgelopen jaren relatief stabiel. Het slagingspercentages op het vmbo ligt structureel hoger dan dat op de andere onderwijsniveaus. Steeds meer mbo-studenten ronden jaarlijks hun opleiding succesvol af. Het jaarresultaat in dissertation outline het mbo is de afgelopen jaren in who are essay alle niveaus gestegen.

Voor het mbo als geheel geldt een stijging van 67% naar 74%. Door de schoolloopbaan te volgen, zien we in dissertation hoeverre het onderwijsstelsel leerlingen en studenten in staat stelt om in hun eigen tempo de school te doorlopen. We tonen hoeveel leerlingen en studenten korter of who are langer dan nominaal door een onderwijssector stromen, in het speciaal onderwijs terechtkomen, of edition voortijdig uitvallen. Het aandeel zittenblijvers in my heroes het po en vo is licht gedaald. Het aantal jongeren van 12 tot 23 jaar dat jaarlijks het onderwijs zonder startkwalificatie verlaat, is de afgelopen jaren gedaald van 39941 in edition 2009/2010 naar 22948 in 2015/2016.

Toegankelijk onderwijs leidt ertoe dat leerlingen en studenten, ondanks verschillen in who are my heroes essay achtergrond, op een passend niveau terechtkomen. We combineren het behaald eindresultaat en de vooropleiding van leerlingen. Investment Management? Ook kijken we in who are my heroes essay hoeverre de sociaal economische status (ses) relevant is voor het eindresultaat. Behaald hbo-diploma naar vooropleiding. De kans op een hbo-bachelor diploma is het grootst voor studenten die hun hbo studie starten met een vwo diploma. Law Research? Bijna driekwart van hen rondt de studie succesvol af.

Dit geldt voor bijna twee-derde van de studenten met maximaal havo als vooropleiding. Studenten die na hun mbo-4 opleiding verder gaan in who are my heroes het hbo zijn minder succesvol: ruim de helft behaalde in 2014 een hbo bachelor diploma. We volgen de internationale positie van het Nederlands onderwijs met enkele belangrijke indicatoren. Roland Barthes? We beperken ons tot de prestaties op de kernvakken in my heroes alle onderwijssectoren. In de internationale onderzoeken ‘TIMSS’, ‘PIRLS’ en ‘PISA’ worden de lees- , reken- en natuurwetenschappelijke vaardigheden van leerlingen in roman het primair- en voortgezet onderwijs gemeten. De vaardigheden van het jongste cohort (16-24 jaar) van het OESO-onderzoek ‘PIAAC’ toont de internationale prestaties van de studenten in het mbo, hbo en wo. Internationale prestaties van Nederlandse basisschoolleerlingen. De prestaties van Nederlandse basisschoolleerlingen in groep 6 op het gebied van lezen, rekenen en natuuronderwijs zijn licht afgenomen. Who Are My Heroes Essay? Nederland scoort op alle drie de domeinen wel boven het schaalgemiddelde van 500.

Internationale prestaties van leerlingen in edition het voortgezet onderwijs. De prestaties van 15 jarige leerlingen in het voortgezet onderwijs op het gebied van wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen laten een dalende trend zien. Deze dalende trend zien we ook terug in essay het internationale gemiddelde. Daarmee score leerlingen in barthes narrative voortgezet onderwijs altijd consequent boven het internationale OESO gemiddelde op de vaardigheidstoetsen van PISA. In toegankelijk onderwijs sluiten de opeenvolgende onderwijssectoren goed op elkaar aan en ervaren kinderen geen drempel bij overgang van de ene naar de andere sector. Essay? Hierdoor komen leerlingen en studenten op een bij hen passend niveau terecht. De overgangen tussen onderwijssectoren volgen we door het niveau van de huidige opleiding van leerlingen en het niveau van de gevolgde vooropleiding met elkaar te vergelijken. Mbo-instromers naar vooropleiding in het vo. We constateren dat het merendeel van de leerlingen op een mbo-niveau instroomt dat aansluit op hun behaald niveau in roman het voortgezet onderwijs. Her-inschrijvers in my heroes essay het hoger onderwijs na 1 jaar.

Het merendeel van de studenten dat begint aan een studie op universiteit of barthes narrative essay hogeschool, is my heroes, na een jaar nog op dezelfde instelling te vinden (herinschrijvers). Ook blijkt dat het overgrote deel eveneens dezelfde studie volgt. Toegankelijk onderwijs zorgt ervoor dat leerlingen en studenten goed worden begeleid in hun keuze voor een vervolgopleiding. Zodat zij terechtkomen op een niveau en richting dat bij hen past. Of leerlingen en studenten goed worden begeleid, kunnen we opmaken uit hun tevredenheid over barthes de voorbereiding en begeleiding naar het vervolgonderwijs. Van po naar vo en van vo naar vervolgonderwijs.

De mate van switchen in who are my heroes mbo en ho illustreert dat studenten niet altijd in edition een direct doorlopende lijn hun schoolcarriere doorlopen. Begeleiding van leerlingen in my heroes essay keuze naar het voortgezet onderwijs. Ruim twee-derde van de leerlingen in de brugklas is tevreden over edition de begeleiding bij de overgang van het primair onderwijs (po) naar de brugklas. Dit aandeel is de afgelopen jaren stabiel. Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen.

Het leidt hen op voor een passende arbeidsmarktpositie op de nationale of internationale arbeidsmarkt. Of het onderwijsstelsel op dit gebied goed functioneert, kunnen we o.a. opmaken uit de tevredenheid van studenten over de aansluiting tussen onderwijs en arbeidsmarkt. Who Are My Heroes? Maar ook uit hun arbeidsmarktpositie, of zij een baan op niveau hebben en of zij een baan hebben gevonden passend bij de studierichting. Baan op eigen niveau en in eigen of edition verwante richting. Anderhalf jaar na afstuderen heeft 7 op de 10 studenten een baan op het eigen niveau en in een eigen of verwante richting. Tevredenheid over my heroes essay aansluiting onderwijs-arbeidsmarkt. De tevredenheid van de studenten over dissertation de aansluiting tussen onderwijs en arbeidsmarkt verschilt per who are essay, sector. Investment? Studenten die een mbo beroepsbegeleide opleiding hebben afgerond zijn het meest tevreden. Verder is opvallend dat de tevredenheid onder wo studenten daalt terwijl deze is essay, toegenomen onder hbo en mbo bbl studenten. Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen. Roman Law Research? De outcome van onderwijs is een goed opgeleide beroepsbevolking, met werkenden op alle niveaus conform de vraag van de arbeidsmarkt.

Een beroepsbevolking die zich ook voortdurend blijft scholen en ontwikkelen. Het aandeel werkenden in my heroes essay de beroepsbevolking illustreert de outcome van onderwijs, per sector. Roland Narrative Essay? De deelname aan leven lang leren toont de bereidheid van de beroepsbevolking zich bij te scholen en aan te passen aan de voortdurend veranderende arbeidsmarkt. Arbeidsparticipatie naar opleidingsniveau. Hoe hoger het opleidingsniveau, hoe vaker men een baan heeft. Het verschil in aandeel werkenden onder volwassenen meet een laag- en hoog opleidingsniveau is my heroes essay, de afgelopen stabiel rond de 30%.

Het aandeel volwassenen dat deelneemt aan scholing is in dissertation chapter 1 de afgelopen jaren licht toegenomen. Who Are My Heroes? Nederland scoort internationaal goed op deze Europese indicator. Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen. Management? De outcome van onderwijs is een goed opgeleide beroepsbevolking die internationaal kan concurreren. We vergelijken zowel het gemiddeld behaalde opleidingsniveau van de beroepsbevolking, als ook de prestaties van de volwassen beroepsbevolking. Hierbij beperken we ons tot de kernvakken: reken- en taalvaardigheden en het probleemoplossend vermogen als gemeten in het ‘PIAAC’-onderzoek. Opleidingsniveau van de bevolking. Het opleidingsniveau van de Nederlandse beroepsbevolking is internationaal gezien hoog. Het percentage hoogopgeleiden in who are my heroes essay ligt wel duidelijk hoger dan gemiddeld in barthes de EU.

In het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Finland is who are my heroes, het percentage hoogopgeleiden het hoogst. De vaardigheden van de Nederlandse bevolking zijn hoger dan het internationaal gemiddelde (OESO) op het gebied van taal, rekenen en het probleemoplossend vermogen. Nederland neemt ten opzichte van de andere 24 deelnemende landen respectievelijk een derde, vierde en zesde positie in. Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen. Investment? Dit gaat verder dan taal en rekenen. Who Are Essay? Gedurende hun onderwijsloopbaan leren kinderen ook sociale, non-cognitieve, vaardigheden. Term Paper Gender Discrimination? Deze socialisatiefunctie is who are essay, o.a. Law Research Paper? sinds 2006 vastgelegd in who are my heroes essay de burgerschapsopdracht van scholen in roland barthes het primair onderwijs. Sociale competenties zijn minder makkelijk te meten dan basisvaardigheden.

We beperken ons hier tot hetgeen beschikbaar is van de Inspectie van het Onderwijs (die toezicht houdt op de burgerschapsopdracht van po-scholen), en de resultaten van de JOB-monitor en Nationale Studentenenquete. Sociale competenties van leerlingen. De sociale competenties van leerlingen zijn aan het einde van de schoolperiode op een merendeel van de basisscholen op een voldoende niveau. Bijna twee-derde van de basisscholen voldoet in essay schooljaar 2013/2014 aan de landelijke inspectienorm. Oordeel van studenten over investment algemene vaardigheden. In het hoger onderwijs is 70% van de studenten tevreden over who are de algemene (non-cognitieve) vaardigheden die zij opdoen tijdens hun studie. Paper Discrimination? De tevredenheid onder de studenten in hoger onderwijs in 2016 het hoogst sinds 2010.Studenten geven in who are my heroes de Nationale Studentenenquete hun mening onder andere over roman law research het aanleren van een kritische houding en communicatieve vaardigheden. Bron: Nationale Studenten Enquete (NSE) Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen.

Naast de cognitieve en (non) cognitieve vaardigheden draagt het onderwijs maatschappelijke waarden, normen en gedragingen over. Who Are? Leerlingen hebben deze kennis nodig om een actieve rol te kunnen spelen in dissertation chapter 1 de samenleving. Who Are? Deze socialisatiefunctie is investment management, o.a. Who Are My Heroes Essay? sinds 2006 vastgelegd in de burgerschapsopdracht van scholen in het primair onderwijs. Kennis van de democratie en maatschappij wordt niet direct gemeten. Barthes Essay? We beperken ons hier tot hetgeen beschikbaar is van de Inspectie van het Onderwijs (die toezicht houdt op de burgerschapsopdracht van po-scholen) en de resultaten van internationale onderzoeken naar de kennis van vo-leerlingen over who are essay politiek en maatschappij. Bevordering van actief burgerschap en sociale integratie. Ruim twee-derde van de basisscholen draagt zorg voor de kwaliteit van het onderwijs gericht op de bevordering van burgerschap en sociale integratie. Beheersingsniveau van politiek en maatschappelijk burgerschap. Europees onderzoek toont dat ongeveer een op de vier leerlingen in roland barthes essay de onderbouw van het voortgezet onderwijs een zeer goed begrip heeft van politiek en maatschappelijk burgerschap, en is toegerust om actief invulling te geven aan hun rol als burger (beheersingsniveau 3). Who Are? Nederlandse kinderen hebben daarmee een iets lager beheersingsniveau van deze aspecten dan gemiddeld in thesis de EU.

Bron: IEA; International Civic and my heroes, Citizenship Study (ICCS 2009) Het onderwijsstelsel zorgt dat studenten hun talenten maximaal kunnen ontwikkelen. De outcome van onderwijs is roland, een goed opgeleide beroepsbevolking en dit vormt de basis voor de ontwikkeling van de samenleving. Het vertrouwen dat mensen hebben in who are essay elkaar en in renaissance maatschappelijke en politieke instituties is essentieel voor het functioneren van een samenleving. In het CBS-onderzoek ‘Sociale samenhang en welzijn’ wordt het sociaal en institutioneel vertrouwen jaarlijks gemeten. In internationaal verband wordt de maatschappelijke outcome in who are my heroes de OESO-publicatie ‘Education at gender, a Glance’ met jaarlijks wisselende indicatoren gemeten. Institutioneel vertrouwen en sociaal vertrouwen. Opleidingsniveau en vertrouwen zijn doorgaans sterk positief gerelateerd. Who Are My Heroes? Hoogopgeleiden hebben relatief meer vertrouwen in instituties, de pers en medemens dan laagopgeleiden. Bron: CBS; Sociaal en Institutioneel vertrouwen in harlem renaissance thesis Nederland (2015) Het onderwijsstelsel, de bekostigingssystematiek en de governance zijn belangrijke voorwaarden voor goed onderwijs.

OCW monitort deze aspecten op basis van een aantal belangrijke kengetallen. Klik op de onderstaande links voor meer informatie. Het Nederlands onderwijsstelsel heeft verschillende schooltypen voor deelnemers van verschillende leeftijden en met een verschillend leervermogen. Goed onderwijs vereist goed bestuur. Het kabinet zet in my heroes op het versterken van de bestuurskracht in het onderwijs.

De sectorale afspraken over gender goed bestuur zijn hier te vinden: po, vo, mbo, hbo en wo. De kwaliteit van het bestuur, management en intern toezicht zijn belangrijke voorwaarden voor goed onderwijs. Leerlingen, ouders, leraren, schoolleiders en besturen vormen samen de scholen. My Heroes Essay? De kwaliteit van het onderwijs is gender discrimination, afhankelijk van de inzet en vaardigheden van al deze betrokkenen. My Heroes Essay? Dat vraagt het nodige van schoolleiders, maar ook van de schoolbesturen. 1? Klik op de onderstaande links voor meer informatie. De Inspectie van het Onderwijs houdt toezicht op de kwaliteit van het onderwijs.

In de 'De staat van het Onderwijs' geeft de Inspectie op stelselniveau weer hoe het onderwijs in Nederland ervoor staat. Who Are My Heroes Essay? Met het bestuursakkoord primair onderwijs en het sectorakkoord voortgezet onderwijs zijn belangrijke ambities gesteld om het onderwijsproces te verbeteren. Edition? Zie de voortgang op de ambities t.a.v. professionele scholen, school als lerende organisatie, duurzame onderwijsverbetering en professionalisering schoolleiders. Who Are Essay? Met de kwaliteitsafspraken voor het mbo en de prestatieafspraken in gender het hoger onderwijs zijn per my heroes, mbo- en hoger onderwijsinstelling afspraken gemaakt om de onderwijskwaliteit te verbeteren. Eind 2016 is een eindbeoordeling van prestatieafspraken in het hoger onderwijs naar de Kamer gestuurd. Term Paper Discrimination? Basis- en middelbare scholen met elkaar vergelijken?

Kijk op My Heroes? Een instrument waarmee scholen horizontale verantwoording afleggen. Dissertation 1? De belangrijkste kengetallen over who are my heroes scholen en onderwijsinstellingen zijn te vinden op Scholen en instellingen moeten voldoende moeten worden toegerust door de overheid zodat zij aan de aan hen gestelde eisen kunnen voldoen. Law Research? Meer weten over who are my heroes de financiering van het onderwijs?

Klik op de onderstaande links: Hoe wordt het onderwijs gefinancierd? Kijk op Financiering van het onderwijs. Barthes? In de begroting van het ministerie van OCW staat welk bedrag het ministerie per my heroes essay, leerling uitgeeft. Op vindt u de belangrijkste kengetallen over paper de uitgaven aan onderwijs. De financiele positie van scholen en onderwijsinstellingen is hier te vinden: po, vo, mbo, hbo en wo.

Leraren en de leeromgeving van leerlingen en studenten beinvloeden de kwaliteit van, en behaalde prestaties in, het onderwijs. Klik op de onderstaande links voor meer informatie.

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10 Essential Tips for essay Your Amazing Social Work Resume. by roland narrative Valerie Arendt, MSW, MPP. Who Are Essay. Is your resume ready to send out to employers? You have Googled example resume templates, perfected your formatting, and added appropriate action words. Everything is in the correct tense, in reverse chronological order, and kept to two pages or less. What else should you think about for an amazing social work resume? Whether you are a clinical or macro social worker, student, new professional, or have been in dissertation chapter 1, the field for 30 years, these essential tips will keep your resume ready to send out to your future employer. Who Are My Heroes Essay. 1. Roland Essay. Objective or Professional Summary? Let’s start at the beginning. Who Are. I am not a fan of the objective, and neither are many hiring managers. If they are reading your resume, they already know you are seeking a position with them.

Generally, an roman law research, objective is who are essay used by someone who has recently graduated or has very little experience. If you have plenty of roman paper, social work experience, you should consider using a professional summary. This is one to three sentences at the beginning of essay, your resume that help describe the value you bring as a social worker through your skills and experience. This helps your reader know right away if you will be a good fit for the hiring organization. It is much easier for roman law research a hiring manager to find that value in a short paragraph than trying to piece it together from a lengthy history of professional experience and who are my heroes essay education. DON’T: Objective: Seeking a social work position within a facility where I can utilize my experience to edition the benefit of my employer as well as gain knowledge and professional growth. DO: Licensed Clinical Social Worker with 6+ years experience in medical and mental health settings, working with diverse populations in private practice, health care, outpatient, and inpatient treatment settings. Recently relocated to Georgia.

2. Don’t assume your reader already knows what you do. This is one of the biggest mistakes I see when reviewing resumes. My Heroes. Write your resume as if the person reading it has no idea what you do. Really? Yes! This will help you to be descriptive about your experience.

For some reason, some social workers are not very good at tooting their own horns. Your resume is exactly the place you need to brag about what an amazing professional you are. Don’t assume that because your title was “Outpatient Therapist,” the reader of your resume will know exactly what you did. Be descriptive. Give a little information about the roland barthes, organization or program, the clients, and the type of therapy or work you performed. This can easily be done in three to my heroes essay five bullets if you craft thoughtful, complete sentences. DON’T: Provide psychotherapy to term paper gender discrimination clients. DO: Provide group and my heroes individual outpatient therapy to adult clients at a substance abuse treatment center utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), psychoeducation, and motivational interviewing.

If you worked in a position for five years but don’t list one relevant accomplishment, that is a red flag for a hiring manager. Describing accomplishments is more than simply listing your job duties. These are the contributions you have made in your career that would encourage an organization to hire you. Questions you can ask yourself to help remember your accomplishments include: How did you help your clients? Did you create a new form or program based on the needs of the client population? Did your therapy skills reduce the relapse rate in your agency? Did you save your organization money by coming up with a cost-saving idea?

Were you selected for special projects, committees, or task forces? Even if the dissertation 1, only social work experience you have on your resume is your field placement, you should be able to list an accomplishment that will entice the reader to want to know more. DON’T: Completed appropriate and timely documentation according to compliance guidelines. DO: Recognized need for updated agency forms. Who Are My Heroes Essay. Developed 10 clinical and administrative forms, including no-harm contract, behavior contract, and therapist’s behavior inventory, which increased staff efficiency and productivity by 15%. 4.Quantify your accomplishments. Numbers aren’t just for term paper gender discrimination business professionals. Numbers also help with the bragging I mentioned that needs to happen on your resume.

The most convincing accomplishments are measurable and who are essay help your resume stand out from the edition, crowd. How many clients did you serve? How much money did you receive for that grant you secured for your agency? How many people do you supervise? DON’T: Wrote grants for counseling program in my heroes, schools. DO: Co-wrote School Group Experiences proposal, which received a $150,000 grant from State Foundation for renaissance thesis Health, resulting in who are my heroes essay, doubling the number of children served in harlem thesis, group counseling from 120 children to 240 children, and increasing the percentage of minority children served from 20% to my heroes essay 50% of the roman paper, total child population in group therapy.

5. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Who Are My Heroes Essay. You have heard this over roman law research and over, and it should make sense. Still, not many social workers do this correctly or at all. Many big organizations, hospitals, and university systems use online applicant tracking systems to review resumes. When one job has 100 applicants, this is when using keywords REALLY counts. Look at the job description for keywords.

For example, what words do they use to describe the clients? Patients, clients, residents, victims, survivors, adults, children? If you have worked with the same client populations, used the who are essay, same therapy techniques, or provided the supervision listed in management, the job description, make sure these SAME words are in your resume. Hiring managers can tell when you haven’t put any time into matching your experience with their open position. DON’T: Provide in-home therapy for families. DO: (Similar language from job description) Perform individual and essay family, agency, and home-based therapy for medically fragile children and their families (parents and siblings) with goal of maintaining intact families and improving family functioning. Social workers LOVE to use acronyms. Many social workers spend hours writing case notes, and to be efficient, they rely on edition acronyms to describe their work. For the same reasons you should use keywords, it is essential that you spell things out for the computer or human resources person who may not know what certain acronyms mean. I am a social worker with limited clinical knowledge, and I often have to Google acronyms when I review NASW members’ resumes. The reader responsible for finding the right candidates to interview will consider this a waste of his or her time and might move on to the rest of the resumes in the pile if he or she has no idea what you are talking about.

DON’T: Scored and analyzed clinical assessments to include SIB-R, CBCL, CTRF, or SCQ in who are my heroes essay, packets for law research paper families scheduled for autism evaluations. DO: Scored and analyzed clinical assessments for autism evaluations including Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised (SIB-R), Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Caregiver/Teacher Report Form (CTRF), and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). My Heroes Essay. Most resumes I review are succinct and formatted very nicely by bulleting experience. But there are still some folks who use paragraphs to describe their experience. You may have 20 years of social work experience at roland narrative essay, one agency, but that does not mean you can’t be concise.

I guarantee you that hiring managers are not going to read a paragraph that is who are my heroes essay 15 lines long to look for the experience that will fit the position they are trying to edition fill. Write your resume in such a way that it is easy to scan and find the keywords in 30 seconds or less. Use three to eight bullets to describe your experience and accomplishments. 8. Do not list every continuing education training you have ever attended. Whether or not you are licensed in your state, you should seek out continuing education in who are my heroes, social work. Don’t forget, it is in the NASW Code of law research, Ethics: Section 4.01 (b) Competence: “…Social workers should routinely review the professional literature and who are my heroes participate in continuing education relevant to social work practice and investment social work ethics.” It is my heroes essay great to show your reader that you are up to 1 date on who are essay the latest clinical information on your client population, but the gender discrimination, section on your resume for Continuing Education or Professional Development should only list the courses that are relevant to the job you are applying for. It is essay a great idea to roland narrative essay keep a list of all your continuing education, for your own reference and for your license renewal.

You just don’t need to list them all on your resume. I hope you are seeing a theme here. Recently, I have come across a few resumes that have all of the my heroes essay, following sections: #13; #13; Professional Summary #13; Education #13; Relevant Social Work Experience #13; Work Experience #13; Additional Experience #13; Summary of Skills #13; Professional Affiliations #13; Volunteer Experience #13; Publications #13; Relevant Coursework #13; Activities #13; Honors #13; Every resume is personal and different. You don’t need 10 categories on roland narrative essay your resume. Professional Experience and Education are musts. but after that, limit the places hiring managers need to search to find the information that will help them decide to interview you.

Only put the information that is essay most relevant to the job to which you are applying. 10. Edition. Your references should always be available upon request and essay not on your resume. If the last line on your resume is “References Available Upon Request,” this one is for you. It is outline chapter 1 not necessary to tell your reader that you have references. If you get far enough in the interview process, they will ask you for your references. Have them listed in a separate document. Only send the references that are relevant, and essay only send them when asked.

It is roman paper imperative that you inform your references that they may be contacted, and always send them a copy of the job description and who are essay your recent resume, so they can be prepared when contacted. Nothing is a bigger turnoff to me than getting a call to edition be a reference for someone I supervised five years ago and I can’t remember exactly what their job duties were. It is great to my heroes essay get a heads-up and a reminder of what the person did under my supervision. Narrative. And don’t forget to send your references a thank-you note, even if you didn’t get the who are my heroes essay, job! DON’T: References Available Upon Request. DO: (Separate document with your contact information at edition, the top) References: Jessica Rogers, MSW, LICSW, Director of Family Programs, Affordable Housing AuthorityChicago, ILRelationship: Former SupervisorPhone: 543-321-1234rogers@email.orgJessica was my direct supervisor and is familiar with my clinical social work skills, my ability to work with diverse communities, and my aptitude for managing relationships with partner organizations. Jessica recognized my success in client outcomes and promoted me within 6 months of my hire date. Who Are My Heroes. Remember, your resume is your tool to get an interview. Paper. It doesn’t need to include every detail about you as a professional social worker.

Use your cover letter to expand on details that are specific to who are essay the job you are seeking. During the interview, you can go into more detail about your relevant experience. Valerie Arendt, MSW, MPP, is the Associate Executive Director for the National Association of roman paper, Social Workers, North Carolina Chapter (NASW-NC). She received her dual degree in social work and public policy from the University of Minnesota and currently provides membership support, including resume review, to the members of NASW-NC. Graduating with my MSW in social work this helps out a lot. Thank you so much for this article.

I greatly appreciate it and my heroes essay feel it will be an immense help in outline, my job search and resume formulation. Emerald Reese 106 days ago. Thank you for the advice. Right now I am revamping my resume and my heroes essay trying to roland avoid paying for the service. Jennifer J. Who Are My Heroes. Capri 138 days ago. Barthes Narrative. Thank you so much for all the information! I will be graduating with my MSW in 3 short months and it's about time to start job searching so I am starting to update my resume and this has been so helpful! It has been much appreciated. Kelly 153 days ago. This article was so helpful in tweaking my resume.

Dana 181 days ago. My Heroes Essay. I would have made all the listed mistakes, if I hadn't read this article. Edition. Thank you so very much for sharing this knowledge. Amy 196 days ago. Many thanks for who are essay the information! Always nice to find job information specific to the human service/social work field! Michael 236 days ago. Featured Jobs at.

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essay talk show The television talk show is, on the face of it, a rather strange institution. We pay people to who are my heroes essay talk for us. Term Gender? Like the soap opera, the talk show is an who are my heroes, invention of twentieth century broadcasting. It takes a very old form of communication, conversation, and transforms it into renaissance, a low cost but highly popular form of information and who are my heroes essay entertainment through the institutions, practices and technologies of television. The talk show did not originate over night, at one time, or in gender one place. It developed out of forty years of my heroes essay, television practice and term paper gender discrimination antecedent talk traditions from my heroes radio, Chatauqua, vaudeville and popular theater. In defining the talk show it is useful to distinguish between television talk (unscripted presentational address) and talk shows--shows organized principally around talk. Television talk represents all the unscripted forms of conversation and direct address to investment the audience that have been present on television from the beginning. This kind of live, unscripted talk is one of the basic things that distinguishes television from film, photography, the record and essay book industries.

Television talk is almost always anchored or framed by an announcer or host figure, and harlem renaissance may be defined, in my heroes Erving Goffman's terms, as fresh talk, that is, talk that appears to be generated word by word and in a spontaneous manner. Edition? Though it is always to a degree spontaneous, television talk is also highly structured. It takes place in ritualized encounters and my heroes what the viewer sees and hears on the air has been shaped by writers, producers, stage managers and technical crews and tailored to law research paper the talk formulas of television. Thus, though it resembles daily speech, the kind of talk that occurs on television does not represent unfettered conversation. Different kinds of television talk occur at different times of the broadcast day, but much of this talk occurs outside the who are, confines of what audiences and critics have come to know as the talk show. Major talk traditions have developed around news, entertainment, and a variety of social encounters that have been reframed and management adapted for television. My Heroes Essay? For example, talk is discrimination, featured on game shows, dating or relationship shows, simulated legal encounters ( People's Court ) or shows that are essentially elaborate versions of essay, practical jokes (Candid Camera ). Roman Paper? All of who are essay, these shows feature talk but are seldom referred to as talk shows. A talk show, on edition the other hand, is as a show that is quite clearly and self-consciously built around its talk. To remain on the air a talk show must adhere to strict time and who are my heroes essay money constraints, allowing time, for investment, instance, for the advertising spots that must appear throughout the show. Essay? The talk show must begin and end within these rigid time limits and, playing to chapter an audience of millions, be sensitive to who are my heroes topics that will interest that mass audience. For its business managers the television talk show is one product among many and they are usually not amenable to anything that will interfere with profits and roland barthes narrative ratings.

This kind of show is almost always anchored by a host or team of hosts. Talk shows are often identified by the host's name in the title, an indication of the importance of the host in the history of the television talk show. Indeed, we might usefully combine the two words and talk about host/forms. A good example of the importance of the host to the form a talk show takes would be The Tonight Show. The Tonight Show premiered on NBC in 1954 with Steve Allen as its first host. My Heroes Essay? While it maintained a distinctive format and style throughout its first four decades on the air, The Tonight Show changed significantly with each successive host.

Steve Allen, Ernie Kovacs, Jack Paar, Johnny Carson, and law research paper Jay Leno each took The Tonight Show in a significant new direction. Each of these hosts imprinted the show with distinctive personalities and management styles. Though many talk shows run for only weeks or months before being taken off the air, once established, talk shows and talk show hosts tend to have long runs. Who Are My Heroes? The average number of years on television for renaissance thesis, the thirty-five major talk show hosts listed at the end of this essay was eighteen years. Successful talk show hosts like Mike Wallace, Johnny Carson, and Barbara Walters bridge generations of who are my heroes, viewers. Dissertation Outline Chapter? The longevity of these super stars increases their impact on my heroes essay the forms and formats of television talk with which they are associated. Television talk shows originally emerged out of two central traditions: news and entertainment. Over time hybrid forms developed that mixed news, public affairs, and roland barthes essay entertainment. These hybrid forms occupy a middle ground position between news and my heroes entertainment, though their hosts (Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera, for dissertation chapter 1, example) often got their training in journalism. Approximately a third of the major talk show hosts listed at the end of the essay came out of news. The other two thirds came from entertainment (comedy in particular).

Within the journalistic tradition, the names Edward R. Murrow, Mike Wallace, Ted Koppel and Bill Moyers stand out. News talk hosts like Murrow, Koppel, and my heroes Moyers do not have bands, sidekicks, or a studio audience. Their roles as talk show hosts are extensions of their roles as reporters and news commentators. Their shows appear in evening when more adult and older aged viewers are watching. Narrative Essay? The morning host teams that mix happy talk and essay information also generally come from the news background. This format was pioneered by NBC's Sylvester Pat Weaver and host Dave Garroway with the Today show in the early 1950s. Edition? Hosts who started out on my heroes essay early morning news talk shows and went on to anchor the evening news or primetime interview shows include: Walter Cronkite, John Chancellor, Barbara Walters, Tom Brokaw, and Jane Pauley.

Each developed a distinctive style within the gender, more conversational format of their morning show. Coming from who are my heroes a journalism background but engaging in a wider arena of cultural topics were hosts like Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey, and Geraldo Rivera. Mixing news, entertainment, and edition public affairs, Phil Donahue established talk television, an who are, extension of the hot topic live radio call-in shows of the investment management, 1960s. Donahue himself ran a radio show in Dayton, Ohio before premiering his daytime television talk show. Donahue's Dayton show, later syndicated nationally, featured audience members talking about the social issues that affected their lives. Within the field of entertainment/variety talk, it was the my heroes, late night talk show that assumed special importance. Late night talk picked up steam when it garnered national attention during the talk show wars of the late 1960s and roman law research early 1970s. During this time Johnny Carson defended his ratings throne on the Tonight show against challengers Joey Bishop, David Frost, Dick Cavett and Merv Griffin. Who Are My Heroes? Late night talk show wars again received front page headlines when Carson's successors, Jay Leno, David Letterman, Chevy Chase, Arsenio Hall, Dennis Miller, and roman law research others engaged in fierce ratings battles after Carson's retirement.

Within the United States these talk show wars assumed epic proportions in the press, and who are my heroes essay the impact that late night entertainment talk show hosts had over their audiences seemed, at times, to assume that of political leaders or leaders of state. In an age in which political theorists had become increasingly pessimistic about the possibilities of democracy within the public sphere, late night talk show hosts became sanctioned court jesters who appeared free to mock and question basic American values and political ideas through humor. Edition? Throughout the my heroes, 1960s, 1970s and 1980s Johnny Carson's monologue on the Tonight show was considered a litmus test of public opinion, a form of commentary on the news. Jay Leno's and David Letterman's comic commentary continued the tradition. The ratings battle between Leno and Letterman in the early 1990s echoed the earlier battles between Carson, Dick Cavett, and Griffin. Roland Barthes? But it was not just comic ability that was demanded of the late night hosts. Who Are My Heroes? They had to possess a lively, quick-paced interview technique, a persistent curiosity arising directly from their comic world views, lively conversational skills, and an ability to listen and investment elicit information from a wide range of show business and civilian guests. Who Are? It was no wonder that a relatively small number of these hosts survived more than a few years on the air to become stars. Indeed, in all categories of the television talk show over four decades on the air, there were less than three dozen news and entertainment talk show hosts who achieved the status of stars.

While entertainment/variety talk dominated late night television, and edition the mixed public affairs/entertainment audience participation talk shows with hosts like Phil Donahue and essay Oprah Winfrey increasingly came filled daytime hours, prime time remained almost exclusively devoted to harlem renaissance thesis drama. While talk show hosts represent a potpourri of styles and approaches, the number of talk show formats is actually quite limited. For example, a general interest hard news or public affairs show can be built around an expert panel ( Washington Week in essay Review) , a panel and news figure ( Meet the paper discrimination, Press ), a magazine format for a single topic (Nightline ), a magazine format that deals with multiple topics ( Sixty Minutes ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview (Bill Moyers' World of Ideas ). These are the essay, standard formats for the discussion of edition, hard news topics. Similarly, a general interest soft news talk show that mixes entertainment, news and public affairs can also be built around a single topic ( Donahue, Oprah , and Geraldo ), a magazine multiple topic format ( Today, Good Morning America ), or a one-on-one host/guest interview ( Barbara Walters Interview Special ). Who Are Essay? There are also special interest news/information formats that focus on such subjects as economics ( Wall Street Week ), sports ( Sports Club ), homemaking/fashion ( Ern Westmore Show ), personal psychology ( Dr. Ruth ), home repair ( This Old House ), literature ( Author Meets the Critic ), and cooking ( Julia Childs ). Entertainment talk shows are represented by dissertation, a similarly limited number of formats. By far the most prevalent is the essay, informal celebrity guest/host talk show, which takes on different characteristics depending upon what part of the day it is broadcast. The late night entertainment talk show, with the roland barthes narrative essay, publicity it received through the talk show wars, grew rapidly in my heroes essay popularity among viewers during its first four decades on the air. But there have also been morning versions of the informal host/guest entertainment variety show ( Will Rodgers Jr. Show ), daytime versions ( The Robert Q. Lewis Show ), and special topic versions ( American Bandstand ). Some entertainment talk shows have featured comedy through satirical takes on talk shows ( Fernwood Tonight, The Larry Sanders Show ), monologues ( The Henry Morgan Show ), or comedy dialogue ( Dave and Charley ). Some game shows have been built sufficiently around their talk that they are arguably talk shows in disguise ( Groucho Marx's You Bet Your Life , for instance). Investment? There are also a whole range of my heroes essay, shows that are not conventionally known as talk shows but feature fresh talk and are built primarily around that talk.

These shows center on social encounters or events adapted to television: a religious service ( Life is law research paper, Worth Living ), an academic seminar ( Seminar ), a talent contest ( Talent Scouts ), a practical joke (Candid Camera ), mating rituals ( The Dating Game) , a forensic event ( People's Court ), or a mixed social event ( House Party) . The line between television talk and what formally constitutes a talk show is often not easy to draw and my heroes shifts over time as new forms of television talk emerge. How To Read a Television Talk Show. There are many ways approaches to understanding a television talk show. It may be viewed as a literary narrative, for instance, or as a social text. As literary texts, talk shows contain characters, settings, and gender even a loosely defined plot structure which re-enacts itself each evening in the talk rituals that take place in front of the camera. Who Are Essay? These narratives center on the host as the central recurring character who frames and organizes the talk.

Literary analysis of talk shows is relatively rare, but Michael Arlen's essay on the talk show in gender discrimination The Camera Age , or Kenneth Tynan's profile of Johnny Carson in my heroes The New Yorker , are superb examples of this approach. Talk shows can also be seen as social texts. Talk shows are indeed forums in which society tests out and comes to terms with the topics, issues and themes that define its basic values, what it means to be a citizen, a participating member of that society. The talk television shows of Phil Donahue, Oprah Winfrey become microcosms of management, society as cutting-edge social and cultural issues are debated and my heroes discussed. By the early 1990s political and social analysts began to roman law research pay increasing attention to these forms of television and essay a number of articles were written about them.

Though new hosts and talk shows often appear in rapid succession, usually following expansion cycles in the industry, significant changes in television talk occur more slowly. Edition? These changes have traditionally come about at the hands of a relatively small number of essay, influential talk show hosts and dissertation programmers and have occurred within distinct periods of television history. Cycles of my heroes, Talk: The History of the Television Talk Show. The term talk show was a relatively late invention, coming into use in investment the mid-1960s, but shows based on who are various forms of spontaneous talk were a staple of edition, broadcasting from its earliest days. Radio talk shows of one kind or another made up 24% of who are essay, all radio programming from l927 to l956, with general variety talk, audience participation, human interest, and panel shows comprising as much as 40-60% of the daytime schedule. Network television from 1949 to 1973 filled over half its daytime program hours with talk programming, devoting 15 to 20% of its evening schedule to talk shows of one kind or another. As the networks went into decline, their viewership dropping from narrative 90% to 65% of the who are my heroes, audience in the 1980s and early 1990s, talk shows were one form of harlem renaissance thesis, programming that continued to expand on the networks and in syndication. By the who are, summer of renaissance thesis, 1993 the television page of USA Today listed seventeen talk shows and local papers as many as twenty-seven.

In all, from essay 1948 to 1993 over two hundred talk shows appeared on the air. These shows can be broken down into investment management, four cycles of television talk show history corresponding to four major periods of who are my heroes essay, television history itself. The first cycle took place from 1948-62 and featured such hosts as Arthur Godfrey, Dave Garroway, Edward R. Murrow, Arlene Francis, and Jack Paar. These hosts had extensive radio experience before coming to television and edition they were the founders of television talk. During this time the talk show's basic forms--coming largely out of previous radio and who are my heroes stage traditions--took shape. The second cycle covers the period from management 1962 to 1972 when the networks took over from sponsors and who are my heroes advertising agencies as the dominant forces in talk programming. A small but vigorous syndicated talk industry grew during this period as well. Edition? In the 1960s and early 1970s three figures established themselves on the networks as talk hosts with staying power: Johnny Carson, Barbara Walters, and Mike Wallace. Each was associated with a program that became an established profit center for their network and each used that position to negotiate the who are my heroes essay, sustained status with the network that propelled them into the 1970s and 1980s as a star of television talk. The third cycle of television talk lasted from 1970 to 1980. During this decade challenges to network domination arose from a number of quarters.

While the networks themselves were initiating few new talk shows by 1969, syndicated talk programming exploded. Roman Law Research? Twenty new talk shows went on my heroes essay the air in 1969 (up to then the average number of new shows rarely exceeded five). It was a boom period for television talk--and the time of the first nationally publicized talk show wars. New technologies of production (cheaper television studios and management production costs), new methods of distribution (satellite transmission and my heroes cable), and harlem renaissance key regulatory decisions by the FCC made nationally syndicated talk increasingly profitable and attractive to investors. Talk show hosts like Phil Donahue took advantage of the situation.

Expanding from 40 markets in 1974 to a national audience of 167 markets in 1979, Donahue became the nation's number one syndicated talk show host by the late 1970s. Other new talk show hosts entered the field as well. Who Are My Heroes Essay? Bill Moyers' Journal went on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in 1970, and investment management William Buckley's Firing Line, which had appeared previously in syndication, went on PBS a year later. Both Moyers and Buckley, representing liberal and conservative viewpoints respectively, were to remain significant figures on public broadcasting for who are essay, the next two decades. During this time independent stations and station groups, first run syndication, cable and roland narrative VCR's began to weaken the networks' once invincible hold over national audiences. The fourth cycle of who are my heroes essay, television talk took place in the period from barthes essay 1980 to 1992, a period that has been commonly referred to as the post-network era. Donahue's success in who are essay syndication was emulated by others, most notably Oprah Winfrey, whose Donahue-style audience participation show went into national syndication in 1986.

Winfrey set a new record for syndication earnings, grossing over a hundred million dollars a year from the start of investment, her syndication. She became, financially, the most successful talk show host on my heroes television. By the early 1980s the edition, networks were vigorously fighting back. Late Night with David Letterman and Ted Koppel's Nightline were two network attempts to win back audiences. Both shows gained steady ratings over who are essay, time and established Koppel and Letterman as stars of television talk. Out of each of these cycles of television talk preeminent talk show hosts emerged.

Following the careers of these hosts allows us to we see how talk shows are built from renaissance within by strong personalities and effective production teams, and shaped from without by powerful economic, technological, and cultural forces. Regis Philbin and who are my heroes essay Kathie Lee Gifford. Paradigm Shifts in gender Late Night Entertainment: Carson to Letterman. Johnny Carson, for thirty years the who are, King of Late Night, and his successor, David Letterman, were in many ways alike. Their rise to fame could be described by the same basic story. A young man from investment management America's heartland comes to the city, making his way through its absurdities and frustrations with feckless humor. This exemplary middle American is square and at essay, the same time sophisticated, innocent, though ironic and irreverent. Straddling the worlds of common sense and show business, the young man becomes a national jester--and is edition, so anointed by the press. The type Johnny Carson and David Letterman represent can be traced to earlier archetypes: the Yankee character in who are early American theater and the Toby character of nineteenth century tent repertory.

Carson brought his version of this character to television at harlem renaissance, the end of the Eisenhower and beginning of the Kennedy era, poking fun at American consumerism and who are my heroes essay politics in the late 1950s and 1960s. Letterman brought his own version of dissertation outline chapter, this sharp-eyed American character to the television screen two decades later at the beginning of the my heroes essay, Reagan era. By this time the youth revolts in the 1960s and 1970s were already on the wane, and Letterman replaced the politics of confrontation represented by renaissance, the satire of such shows as Saturday Night Live and SCTV with a politics of accommodation, removal, and irony. His ironic stance was increasingly acknowledged as capturing the voice of his generation and, whether as cause or effect, Letterman became a generational symbol. The shift from Carson to Letterman represented not only a cultural change but a new way of looking at television as a medium. Carson's camera was rooted in the neutral gaze of the proscenium arch tradition; Letterman's camera roamed wildly and flamboyantly through the studio. Carson acknowledged the camera with sly asides; Letterman's constant, neurotic intimacy with the camera, characterized by his habit of moving right up to the lens and speaking directly into my heroes, it, represented a new level of self-consciousness about the medium. He extended the self-referentiality that Carson himself had promoted over the years on his talk show.

Indeed, Letterman represented a movement from what has been called a transparent form of television (the viewer taking for roman law research, granted and looking through the forms of television: camera, lighting, switching, etc.) to an opaque form in which the technology and practices of the who are my heroes essay, medium itself become the focus of the show. Investment Management? Letterman changed late night talk forever with his post-modern irreverence and mocking play with the forms of television talk. Paradigm Shifts in the Daytime Audience Participation Talk Show: Donahue to Winfrey. When Oprah Winfrey rose to national syndication success in 1986 by challenging Phil Donahue in major markets around the country and winning ratings victories in many of these markets, she did not change the format of the who are my heroes, audience participation talk show. That remained essentially as Donahue had established it twenty years before. What changed was the cultural dynamics of this kind of show and that in turn was a direct reflection of the person who hosted it. The ratings battle that ensued in 1986 was between a black woman raised by a religious grandmother and strict father within the fold of a black church in the South against a white, male, liberal, Catholic Midwesterner who had gone to Notre Dame and roland been permanently influenced by the women's movement. As Jackie Robinson had broken baseball's color barrier four decades earlier, Oprah Winfrey broke the color line for national television talk show hosts in 1986. She became one of the great Horatio Alger rags-to-riches story of the 1980s (by the early 1990s People Weekly was proclaiming her the richest woman in show business with an estimated worth of $200 million), and as Arsenio Hall and who are Bob Costas ended their six and seven year runs on television in the early 1990s, it became clear that Oprah Winfrey had staying power.

She remained one of the few prominent talk show hosts of the 1980s to survive within the cluttered talk show landscape of mid-1990s. Several factors contributed to this success. For one thing, Winfrey had a smart management team and a full-press national marketing campaign to catapult her into competition with Donahue. The national syndication deal had been worked out by harlem renaissance, Winfrey' representative, attorney-manager Jeffrey Jacobs, and King World's marketing plan was a classic one. Executives at King World felt the media would pounce on a war with Donahue so they created one. The first step was to send tapes of my heroes, Oprah's shows to focus groups in several localities to investment see how they responded. The results were positive.

The next step was to show tapes to selected station groups--small network alliances of a half-dozen or more stations under a single owner. These groups would be offered exclusive broadcast rights. As the reactions began to come in, King World adjusted its tactics. Rather than making blanket offers, they decided to open separate negotiations in each city and market. The gamble paid off. Winfrey's track record proved her a hot enough commodity to win better deals through individual station negotiation. To launch Winfrey on the air King World kicked off a major advertising campaign. Media publications trumpeted Oprah's ratings victories over Donahue in my heroes Baltimore and dissertation chapter 1 Chicago. The Donahue-buster strategy was tempered by Winfrey herself, who worked hard not to appear too arrogant or conceited.

When asked about head-on competition with Donahue she replied that in a majority of markets she did not compete with him directly and who are essay that while Donahue would certainly remain the king, she just wanted to be a part of the 1, monarchy. By the time The Oprah Winfrey Show went national in September of 1986 it had been signed by over 180 stations--less than Donahue's 200-plus but approaching that number. As well as refined marketing and advertising techniques, cultural issues also featured prominently in essay Winfrey's campaign. Management? Winfrey's role as talk show host was inseparable from her identity as an African American woman. Who Are My Heroes Essay? Her African American heritage and roots surfaced frequently in press accounts. One critic described her in a 1986 Spy magazine article as capaciously built, black, and extremely noisy.

These and thesis other comments on her black style were not lost on essay Winfrey. She confronted with the investment, issue of race constantly and who are my heroes was very conscious of her image as an African American role model. When a USA Today reporter queried Winfrey bluntly about the issue of race in August of edition, 1986, asking her as someone who is not pencil-thin, white, nor blond, how she was transcending barriers that have hindered many in television, Winfrey replied as follows: I've been able to do it because my race and gender have never been an who are, issue for me. I've been blessed in knowing who I am, and I am a part of a great legacy. I've crossed over on the backs of Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman, and Fannie Lou Hamer, and Madam C.J.

Walker. Because of them I can now soar. Because of them I can now live the dream. Winfrey's remarks represent the double-voiced identity of many successful African American public figures. Such figures, according to Henry Louis Gates, demonstrate 'his or her own membership in the human community and then . Barthes? resistance to that community.' In the mid-1980s, then, the image of Oprah Winfrey as national talk show host played against both white and black systems of values and aesthetics.

It was her vitality as a double-sign, not simply her role as an Horatio Alger figure, that made her compelling to a national audience in the United States. Hosts like Letterman and who are essay Winfrey played multiple roles. They were simultaneously star performers, managing editors, entrepreneurs, cultural symbols and edition setters of social trends. Of all the star performers who dot the landscape of television, the talk show host might have the essay, most direct claim to renaissance thesis the film director's status as auteur. Hosts like Letterman and Winfrey had to constantly re-invent themselves, in the words of Kenneth Tynan, to sustain themselves within the highly competitive world of network television.

The talk show, like the my heroes essay, daily newspaper, is often considered a disposable form. Outline Chapter 1? The first ten years of Johnny Carson's Tonight shows, for who are, example, were erased by NBC without any thought to future use. Scholars have similarly neglected talk shows. News and drama offered critics from the arts, humanities, and social sciences at least a familiar place to gender discrimination begin their studies. Talk shows were different, truly synthetic creations of television as a medium. Nonetheless, talk shows have become increasingly important on television and their hosts increasingly influential. They speak to cultural ideas and ideals as forcefully as politicians or educators. National talk show hosts become surrogates for the citizen.

Interrogators on who are essay the news or clown princes and jesters on entertainment talk shows, major television hosts have a license to question and mock--as long as they play within the rules. An investigation of the television talk show must, finally, delineate and examine those rules. The first governing principle of the television talk show is that everything that occurs on the show is framed by the host who characteristically has a high degree of control over both the show and the production team. From a production point of view, the host is the managing editor; from a marketing point of view, the host is the label that sells the product; from an power and organizational point of thesis, view, the host's star value is the my heroes, fulcrum of power in contract negotiations with advertisers, network executives, and syndicators. Without a brand-name host, a show may continue but it will not be the roland barthes narrative, same.

A second principle of television talk show is who are my heroes essay, that it is experienced in essay the present tense. This is true whether the show is who are, live or taped as-if live in front of a studio audience. Live, taped, or shown in reruns, talk shows are conducted, and essay viewers participate in them, as if host, guest and viewer occupy the who are, same moment. As social texts, television talk shows are highly sensitive to the topics of their social and cultural moment. These topics may concern passing fashions or connect to deeper preoccupations.

References to the O.J. Simpson case on television talk shows in the mid-1990s, for example, reflected a preoccupation in the United States with domestic violence and issues of gender, race, and class. Talk shows are, in this sense, social histories of their times. While it is investment management, host-centered, occurring in a real or imagined present tense, sensitive to who are the historical moment, and based on a form of investment management, public/private intimacy, the who are essay, television talk show is also a commodity. Talk shows have been traditionally cheap to produce. In 1992 a talk show cost less than $100,000 compared to term gender discrimination up to a million dollars or more for a prime time drama. By the my heroes essay, early 1990s developments in video technology made talk shows even more economical to produce and touched off a new wave of talk shows on the air. Still, the rule of the market place prevailed. A joke on Johnny Carson' final show that contained 75 words and ran 30 seconds was worth approximately $150,000--the cost to advertisers of a 30-second spot on that show. Each word of the joke cost approximately $2000.

Though the rates of Carson's last show were particularly high, commercial time on television is always expensive, and an industry of network and station reps, time buyers and sellers work constantly to negotiate and outline 1 manage the cost of who are essay, talk commodities on the television market. If a talk show makes money over thesis, time, its contract will be renewed. If it does not, no matter how valuable or critically acclaimed it may be, it will be pulled from the air. Who Are My Heroes Essay? A commodity so valuable must be carefully managed and planned. Edition? It must fit the commercial imperatives and time limits of for-profit television. Though it can be entertaining, even outrageous, it must never seriously alienate advertisers or viewers. As we can see from the examples above, talk shows are shaped by many hands and guided by a clear set of essay, principles. Dissertation Outline Chapter? These rules are so well known that hosts, guests and viewers rarely stop to think about them. What appears to be one of television's most unfettered and essay spontaneous forms turns out to, on closer investigation, one of its most complex and artful creations. -Bernard M. Roman Paper? Timberg.

MAJOR TALK SHOW HOSTS, 1948-94. Faye Emerson (1948-60), Arthur Godfrey (1948-61), Arlene Francis (1949-75), Dave Garroway (1949-61,69), Garry Moore (1950-77), Art Linkletter (1950-70), Steve Allen (1950-84), Ernie Kovacs (1951-61), Mike Wallace (1951-), Merv Griffin (1951-86), Edward R. Murrow (1951-59), Dinah Shore (1951-62, 1970-80), Jack Paar (1951-65,73), Mike Douglas (1953-82), Johnny Carson (1954-92), David Susskind (1958-87), Barbara Walters (1963-), David Frost (1964-5,69-73), William Buckley, (1966-), Dick Cavett(1968-72,75,77-82,85-86,92-), Joan Rivers (1969,83-), Phil Donahue (1970-), Bill Moyers (1971-), Tom Snyder (1973-82,94-), Geraldo Rivera (1974-), Ted Koppel (1979-), David Letterman (1980-), John Mclaughlin (1982-), Larry King (1983-), Oprah Winfrey (1986-), Sally Jesse Raphael (1986-), Arsenio Hall (1987-), Jane Pauley (1990-), Jay Leno (1992-), Ricki Lake (1992-). -Compiled by Robert Erler and Bernard Timberg. Carter, Bill. Who Are? The Late Shift: Letterman, Leno, And The Network Battle For The Night. New York: Hyperion, 1994. Corliss, Richard. The Talk Of Our Town.

Film Comment (New York), January-February 1981. Donahue, Phil. Donahue: My Own Story. New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Downs, Hugh. On Camera: My 10,000 Hours On Television. New York: Putnam's, 1986. Heaton, Jeanne Albronda and Nona Leigh. Dissertation Outline? Tuning In Trouble: Talk TV's Destructive Impact On Mental Health.

San Francisco: Josey-Bass, 1995. Himmelstein, Hal. Television Myth and the American Mind. New York: Praeger, 1995. Hirsch, Alan. Talking Heads: Political Talk Shows and who are my heroes essay Their Star Pundits.

New York: St. Dissertation 1? Martin's, 1991. Latham, Caroline. The David Letterman Story: An Unauthorized Biography. New York: Franklin Watts, 1987. Letterman, David. My Heroes Essay? Interview. Playboy (Chicago), October 1984. Livingstone, Sonia, and paper gender Peter Lunt. Talk On Television: Audience Participation And Public Debate . London: Routledge, 1994.

Metz, Robert. The Today Show . Chicago: Playboy, 1977. Munson, Wayne. My Heroes? All Talk: The Talkshow In Media Culture. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 1993. Timberg, Bernard.

The Unspoken Rules of edition, Television Talk. In, Newcomb, Horace, editor. Television: The Critical View. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. Tynan, Kenneth. Show People. New York: Simon Schuster, 1979. Priest, Patricia Joyner. Public Intimacies: Talk Show Participants And Tell-All TV.

Creskill, New Jersey: Hampton, 1995.

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Essay on My Father My Hero for Children and Students

International Cooperation Essay Sample. 1. Anarchy, Cooperation, Harmony, and Discord. – Alliances, coalitions, and my heroes essay, international organizations. Managing and controlling conflicts. 3. Functional collaboration in specialized agencies. Other international organizations and edition, regimes. In this chapter, the author mainly examine various means of international cooperation; international organizations, alliances, and coalitions. Reaction toward the Iraq’s invasion to Kuwait can be shown as one of examples of international cooperation.

Multinational coalition of who are, military force and collective security by different countries against to the threat to the world’s oil supply cost so many lives of outline, soldiers, but still represented as an important precedent of international cooperation. *Anarchy, Cooperation, Harmony, and Discord. International anarchy makes people of some or all states vulnerable. ( security concern boost economic and military capabilities. Or collaborate with other states for the same goal. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries consists of 11 oil producing states. They coordinate their oil production policies to stabilize oil market revenue. My Heroes? OPEC has been more successful in cooperation than other commodity cartel. ?North America countries international organization. In addition to NATO, the US and Canada collaborated militarily with NORAD organization. Early warning devices against harlem renaissance bomb or missile toward Canada or the US have been managed by NORAD.

Moreover, commercial cooperation among Canada, the US, and Mexico established NAFTA. Along the spectrum between complete harmony and discord are seven categories to present the degree of positive or negative interaction across states and NGOs. Cooperation among states does not always seek ‘the common good’, instead they cooperate to maximizes their benefits. Who Are My Heroes? Moreover, it does not necessarily toward positive goal, they sometimes join together to conquer some countries such as the Germans and Soviets or cooperate to roman exploit some weaker states economically. International cooperation can be short-term deal or longer effort. In this chapter, the author is interested in repeated long-term cooperation which is defined as ‘ a pattern of behavior that has become formally or informally organized and reflects certain rules and norms of behavior’. ? Regional International Organization. Europe: the most highly institutionalized set of international organization such as the European Union (EU). The Americas : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Central American Free Trade Agreement, Organization of my heroes essay, American States(OAS). OAS is the longest standing and most inclusive of regional international organization. Middle East and Africa : Organization of African Unity(OAU).

Given the diversity and discrimination, often conflicting interest of my heroes essay, its members, forging cooperation on edition many issues has been very difficult stage. East Asia and who are my heroes essay, the Pacific: Much less common in East Asia except ASEAN which was formed in 1967. Narrative? ASEAN also consults with its 10 dialogue partners including Australia, Japan, China, Korea and etc. 1. World Government. Centralized management of international politics is required to create world government.

Centralized law-making, judicial, and enforcement institutions would be established, and states would consent on essay renounce of their control over edition some important matters. So, world government has never occurred historically and is considered as an idealistic concept. World federalists go after less ambitious approach to world governance. They pursue central institutions such as international court. Even though it’s small step, this are more practical than larger constitutional plan which try to change world politics in short-term. 2. Alliances, Coalition, and who are my heroes, International organizations.

Alliance: a coalition of states, mostly formal and long-term commitments (ex; NATO) NATO is more than an alliance and is also an roland barthes essay international organization. Sometime, alliances or coalitions can be offensive such as in WWII alliance of Germany with Italy and my heroes, Japan. However, most case of current alliances are defensive purpose; collective defense. Defensive alliances try to roland maintain current stable condition and balance powers of states. Who Are My Heroes Essay? It has apparent benefit of decreasing the burden of each states defense cost. Less formal coalition may not have alliance status. For example, the intimacy between the US and investment management, Israel maintain an agreement to cooperate on security matters. My Heroes Essay? The US has avoided formally allying with Israel in afraid of diminishing ability of US with Arab states.

Other coalitions for security function under the UN charter do not qualify as formal alliances. Chapter 1? For example, in 1990 and 1991, the multinational coalition against essay Iraqi invasion to Kuwait was formed for the purpose of balancing of power, collective defense, and barthes, enforcing collective security under UN Security Council. When alliances are successful, security is the collective good they produce. The US maintains important bilateral alliances with various countries, including Canada, Japan, and South Korea. In this concept, an important part in alliance is my heroes essay ‘who will pay’ or ‘how much should be paid’ for the collective good. Edition? The payment of each country is divergent with their capabilities or their roles. ? Security as a collective good. The free rider problem arises from some countries who make no payment to the collective good can get benefits from the contributions of other few countries. As an example, nonmember of NATO also benefit from the security it brings to the North Atlantic area, even if they contribute nothing. The cost of effort can be asymmetric or uneven. The crucial point of collective security is ‘all against one’ as in communal law-enforcement against an aggressor state.

Unlike an alliance that is directed against an external threat, collective security is regionally or globally oriented. The goal is to restrain any state from violating international law and committing aggression. Under collective security arrangement, states possess dominant power which enables the law-enforcement to be more effective mean. In addition, the my heroes essay, scope of collective security can be in roman, global scope or limited to particular region. My Heroes Essay? Unlike many alliances, there is edition no binding, strong commitment to collective action. Agreements are often decided through negotiations.

Although a concert is based on compatible view of member states, competitions still occur. Several historical examples. ?The concert of my heroes essay, Europe. As we learned in previous chapters, it lasted from roman, 1815 (Congress of Vienna) to 1854 (Crimean War). Minor states were not members of this selective group which consist of major players such as Great Britain, Russia, France, etc. And its geographic interest was limited to Europe. The underlying consensus was that all members would comply with the territorial settlement of 1815. Collective management of relations could be accomplished by invoking universally accepted legal principles and norms. My Heroes? Therefore, Concert diplomacy can be described as an early expression of edition, collective security. ?The League of Nations. The collective security idea was a root of the new League of Nations established in 1920 after WWI.

They try to institutionalize multilateral efforts to establish peace and prevention of war. By 1938, the 57 members joined the League and represented in the General Assembly. The League Council was only limited to great-power permanent members. All of states members were demanded to impose collective economic or diplomatic sanctions against my heroes the aggressor. Also, the essay, use of military force was decided by my heroes, the Council.

However, there were some problems regarding definition of aggression or clarity to be decent basis for collective action. Management? In addition, the who are, recommendation had to be agreed on unanimously and each member has veto powers. Barthes Narrative Essay? The League’s incompetency in 1930s toward Axis powers (Germany, Japan, and Italy) led to the demise of the who are essay, League of Nations and harlem renaissance, the outbreak of WWII in 1939. The US did not even join the League and not participate in who are my heroes, the collective security system. ?The United Nations. The term ‘United Nations’ was first used by President Roosevelt in 1942when 26 states pledged their governments to counter against investment the Axis powers. The UN Charter was drawn up in who are, UN conference in 1945. Investment Management? The UN was officially established on October of 1945. All participants attend the General Assembly, but permanent members of Security Council (the US, UK, France, Soviet Union, and China) obtained power to initiate collective military action. The United Nations did not throw away collective security as a basis, and it was supplemented by both preventive diplomacy and collective defense.

Preventive diplomacy: prevent conflicts from essay, occurring in edition, the first place Collective defense: supported by legal framework Article 51 of the UN Charter, primarily on balance of my heroes essay, power. The United Nations maintained the League’s collective security or collective law-enforcement, but it also allowed their sovereign rights to individual or collective defense. This significant improvement of the roland essay, League framework has supported the disappearance of world war since 1945. Essay? During high tension period (The Cold War), the Security Council could not reach agreement on many issues, but states could still rely on their collective defense alliances. Overall, multilateral diplomacy of various international organizations, including UN, has contributed to significant advance in arms control, trade, commerce, human rights and other socio-economic issues. Multilateral diplomacy has been institutionalized in such regional organization as ASEAN and OAS as we learned before. And the creation of Council of Europe made strong economic and political ties among its EU members, and now institutionalized as the renaissance, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Multilateral diplomacy has come a long way from the who are, Concert system. Many lessons have been learned and modifications have been implemented.

? Limitations to collective security. Universal and concert approaches to collective security have at least 6 problems. – Confusion about cause and effect relationship between collective security and peace. – Gap between states’ expressed commitments to collective security. – Timing problem (belated responses) – Reliance on collective security’s multilateralism response will cause ignorance of the virtues of unilateralism. – Possibility of expansion of edition, a minor war into essay a major war.

– Implication of roland, commitment to my heroes the status quo. *Peacekeeping: Managing and controlling conflicts. Peacekeeping can be shown as an expansion of collective security thinking to prevent conflicts that threaten international peace. Since end of WWII, multinational UN forces (Blue Helmets) or other multinational contingents on patrol in territorial border areas to protect or separate between conflicting parties. However, difficult problem occur when a government collapses, civil war breaks out. In such cases there are no parties to agree to a UN presence. ( In 1993, Somalia regime collapsed and domestic disorder broke out. The relief effort gave away to dissertation outline an enforce peace). Efforts have undertaken to extend beyond the my heroes essay, more limited peace keeping into include peace enforcement and dissertation 1, even peacemaking.

? Selected peacekeeping and observer missions. The UN and other peacekeeping missions summarized and organized by regions. The emergence of new contingencies and who are, rapidly changing conditions have made peacekeeping highly fluid. Africa: UN Mission in edition, the Sudan, Democratic republic of Congo, Western Sahara, Sierra Leone, Liberia. Asia : UN Military observer group in India and Pakistan. UN observer Mission in Georgia. UN Mission in East Timor. Europe: UN Force in Cyprus. NATO Stabilization Force. UN Mission in Kosovo.

NATO international security force for who are essay Kosovo. NATO Albania Force. OSCE Peace Missions. Middle East : UN Truce Supervision Organization. UN Interim Force in renaissance thesis, Lebanon. *Functional collaboration in specialized agencies, Other international organizations and regimes. Three approaches to cooperation to build security under international anarchy, consequently remove anarchy; -World government and related world federalism. -Collective defense in who are essay, alliances or less formal coalitions. -Collective security through peacekeeping and observer missions.

Another approach is to gender discrimination establish concerted multilateral institutions not only for matters of defense and security, but also to perform other important functions. In addition to the UN 6 organs, numerous specialized agencies perform essential tasks in diverse area. International regimes have developed with international organizations, implying generally accepted rules or norms. How these rules or norms developed is of particular interest of liberals and who are essay, social constructivists. Nongovernmental organizations perform both security-related task and human welfare activity. NGOs affect on investment the agendas of international organization and also monitor closely for their actions in 3 ways; – directly making their positions known to international organizations – indirectly influencing them through their links.

– publicizing their views via media. ?Applying theory: Functionalism, Neo- functionalism, and who are my heroes, Epistemic communities David Mitrany identified certain functions that could not be performed by single state, and were the basis for forming international organizations to perform. (telecommunications, international trade and investment, and disease control) – Functionalism : According to functionalism, international integration – the thesis, collective governance and ‘material interdependence’ between states – develops its own internal dynamic as states integrate in limited functional, technical, and/or economic areas. International agencies would meet human needs, aided by knowledge and expertise. – Neofunctionalism : Neofunctionalists focused their attention in the process of integration among states, i.e. regional integration. Initially, states integrate in limited functional or economic areas. Thereafter, partially integrated states experience increasing momentum for further rounds of integration in related areas. The author identified a spectrum between harmony and who are my heroes, discord, and law research paper, important part was various means by which states cooperate in who are my heroes, the regimes and international organizations. There were 4 approaches addressed to build security and cooperation. – building world governance. – cooperating within alliances and coalitions to meet collective defense challenges. – participating in international law enforcement.

– building consensus and expanding multilateral international organizations to deal functionally with the many diverse issues. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order International Cooperation. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for International Cooperation. NATO is a military alliance involving several countries whose formation date from the Brussels treaty of 1948. The main reason behind the forming of NATO was to protect the security… Beginning Of Cold War.

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