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brief biographies James Arthur Bayton. Of Science! 1935 B.A. in Psychology from Howard University. M.S. in Psychology from Howard University. 1943 Ph.D. in university, Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. 1939-1943 Associate professor of psychology at essay and islam, Virginia State College. 1943-1945 Social science analyst with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1945 Appointed professor of psychology at Southern University in Louisiana. Awa Essay! 1946 Became a professor of psychology at Morgan State College in Maryland. 1947 Returned to Howard as a professor of psychology. 1948 Rejoined the Department of Agriculture on a part-time basis to provide assistance in their consumer behavior studies.

1953-1962 and 1966-1967 Vice president of National Analysts. 1962-1966 Vice president of Universal Marketing Research. 1966-1969 Chairman of the psychology department at Howard University. 1967-1968 Senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. 1968-1976 Senior staff psychologist at Chilton Research Services. He served on the Research Advisory Committee, Social security Administration, HEW (1962-1964) and the Department of Agriculture#8217;s Advisory Committee on Agricultural Science from 1965-1968. He was also chairman of the and islam, committee appointed to study equal employment opportunity policies in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. He directed marketing research for DuPont, IBM, Armstrong Cork, Chrysler, Eli Lilly, Curtis Publishing, Johnson and Johnson, Schick, Pet Milk, America Dairy Association, Federal Reserve Board, Smith Kline, French, Proctor and Gamble, and the Office of Naval Research.

He was responsible for disability, a series of research projects over a span of essay thirty years dealing with the self-concept of Black people. Also, he served as an expert witness for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund in disability thesis, cases dealing with legal aspects of school desegregation and discrimination in employment. In addition, he studied the factors related to racial tension in military settings. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Lincoln University. Phi Beta Kappa fraternity. Sigma Xi fraternity. Omega Psi Phi fraternity.

Market research, agriculture. Selected Works and Publications. Tension in the Cities #8722;Three Programs for Survival. #8220;Single Stimulus Versus Comparative Methods in Determining Taste Preferences#8221; #8220;Interrelations Between Levels of Aspiration, Performance, and Estimates of Past Performance#8221; #8220;Intervening Variables in the Perception of Racial Personality Traits#8221; Albert Sidney Beckham. 1915 B.A. from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania.

1916 B.A. from Ohio State University. 1917 M.A. in Psychology from Ohio State University. 1930 Ph.D. from NYU. 1917-1918 Taught as a war professor in essay and islam, psychology at Wilberforce University in Ohio. 1921-1922 Editor of the disability essay, New York City Dispatch. 1924 He accepted an instructorship at Howard University. 1925-1928 Assistant psychology professor at Howard. 1929-1930 Fellow at the National Committee for Mental Hygiene at the Illinois Institute for essay of science, Juvenile Research. 1931-1933 Senior assistant psychologist at the Illinois Institute for Juvenile Research.

1935-1964 Affiliated with Chicago#8217;s Board of Education Bureau of Child Study including DuSable High School. 1960-1963 Psychological consultant at Ada S. McKinley Community House in essay thesis, Chicago where he evaluated retarded children, adults, and women in vocational training classes. Essay! He was also a board member of the Chicago Friends of the Mentally Ill and the People#8217;s Rehabilitation Foundation. He conducted research and developed such reports as #8220;Minimum Levels of Intelligence for Certain Occupations#8221; which became a guide for plastic, state institutions for training the mentally handicapped. He counseled thousands of Black youths at DuSable and innovated the services of a school psychology clinic and developed parent counseling groups in essay and islam, which the study of adolescence helped parents to deal with their children. He also brought together ministers whose parishes included families of DuSable students; allowing for the first time a church-neighborhood-school relationship in that community. The unpublished, #8220;A Study of Retarded Children and plan, Their Mothers#8221; details physical handicaps of retarded children and the relation between child#8217;s and mother#8217;s tested intelligence.

With his wife Dr. Ruth Howard, he conducted a practice in clinical psychology known as The Center for Psychological Service; servicing private and public agencies including the Civil Aeronautics Administration. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Lincoln University. Chicago Board of Education. National Committee for Mental Hygiene. Chicago Psychology Club.

Illinois Psychological Association. American Psychological Association. America Association for the Advancement of Science. Beta Kappa Xi scientific society. Boy Scouts of Chicago. The Planned Parenthood Society Grace Church Community Center.

Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. And Islam! The America Heritage Society. Disability! America Forestry Association. Mentally handicapped, School psychology. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;A Study of of science Race Attitudes in Negro Children of Adolescent Age#8221; #8220;A Study of the words essays, Intelligence of essay of science and islam Colored Adolescents of Different Social Economic Status in Typical Metropolitan Areas#8221; for the Institute for argumentative essay over plastic, Juvenile Research in Chicago surveyed the largest number of Black children to be included in one study.

#8220;Incidence of Frustration in Counseled and Non-Counseled High School Group#8221; #8220;Incidence of Albinism in Negro Families#8221; John Henry Brodhead. 1919 Graduated from the essay of science, West Chester State Normal School in Pennsylvania. 1937 Doctorate of Education in glue words essays, Educational Psychology from Temple University. 1919-1951 Teacher and principal in the Philadelphia school system. 1940#8217;s Principal of Reynolds School, one of the largest schools in Philadelphia.

1949 Elected president of the American Teachers Association (ATA) He was active in a number of educational movements and organizations. He also served as president of the Associations of Pennsylvania Teachers, the New Era Educational Association, and the Pennsylvania Educational Association and essay of science, was a charter member of the Philadelphia Commission on Participation of Negroes in National Defense. He was an organizer and chairman of the Citizens Committee for Integration of Negro Nurses. This committee ultimately led to the admittance of black nursing trainees into the Philadelphia General Hospital. Educational psychology, nursing. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;The Educational and Socio-Economic Status of the dissertation writing service usa ottawa, negro in the Secondary Schools of Pennsylvania#8221; George Herman Canady. Of Science And Islam! 1927 B.A. Sociology and a minor in Psychology from Northwestern University.

1928 M.A. Clinical Psychology from dissertation, Northwestern University. 1941 Ph.D. in Psychology from Northwestern University. 1928 Joined the faculty and assumed chairmanship of the psychology department at West Virginia Collegiate Institution (now West Virginia State College). 1946 Visiting lecturer to schools and of science and islam, colleges under the awa essay, auspices of the American Friends Service Committee. 1947 Consultant to and islam the Pacific Coast Council on Intercultural Education and Intercultural Projects of the San Diego City Schools. 1948-1953 Part-time clinical psychologist for the Mental Health Unit at Veterans Administration in Huntington West Virginia. 1947-1968 Part-time clinical psychologist for essay, the West Virginia Bureau of Mental Hygiene. 1950 Designated Diplomate of the American Board of essay of science and islam Examiners in Professional Psychology. 1954-1955 President of the catering business, West Virginia State Psychological Association.

1952-1953, 1955-1956 Chairman of the Department of essay and islam Psychology at the West Virginia Academy of Science. He was the first to study the race of the examiner as a possible source of bias in IQ testing. His master#8217;s thesis, #8220;The Effects of Rapport on gmat tips the IQ: A Study in Racial Psychology,#8221; criticized the neglect of the importance of the race of the examiner in establishing testing rapport and offered suggestions for of science, establishing an adequate environment and catering business, subsequently became a historical treatise and a classic in its field. His dissertation, #8220;Test Standing and Social Setting: A Comparative Study of the Intelligence-Test Scores of Negroes Living Under Varied Environmental Conditions,#8221; became a widely quoted study in sociology and psychology. He was instrumental in founding the essay of science, West Virginia Psychological Association, the West Virginia State Board of Psychological Examiners, and the Charleston (West Virginia) Guidance Clinic. 1923 Charles F. Disability Essay! Grey scholarship. 1939 General Education Board fellowship.

1949 Alpha Chapter of Omega Psi Phi fraternity Man of the Year. 1951 Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity Middle-Eastern Provincial Achievement Award. Northwestern University#8217;s Alumni Merit Award. Honorary doctor#8217;s degree from West Virginia State College. Sigma Xi fraternity. Alpha Kappa Delta. Kappa Alpha Psi. Fellow of the American Association of the Advancement of Science. Fellow of the American Psychological Association. And Islam! Chairman of the Department of Psychology of the American Teachers Association.

American Association of University Professors. West Virginia State Psychological Association. Over Surgery! Selected Works and Publications. #8220;Adapting Education to of science the Abilities, Needs and Interest of Negro College Students#8221; #8220;Individual Differences and Their Educational Significance in the Guidance of the Gifted and Talented Child#8221; #8220;Psychology in Negro Institutions#8221; (the only published research effort that evaluated the status, training, and research efforts of early psychologist in Black colleges and universities) Kenneth Bancroft Clark. Plan! 1935 B.S. in Psychology from Howard University. Essay! 1936 M.S. from Howard University. 1940 Ph.D. from Columbia University. 1940 First Black to receive a Ph.D. in psychology from Columbia. 1941 Taught at awa essay, Queens College in New York. Of Science And Islam! 1942 Professor of psychology at City College in the City University at NY.

He was a visiting professor at Columbia University, the University of California at Berkeley, and Harvard University. 1962 Founded the Northside Center for Child Development and Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited HARYOU. 1967 Founded and was president of the Metropolitan Applied Research Center. Member of the Board of glue words essays Trustees of the University of Chicago. Member of the New York Urban Development Corporation. His work was essential in of science and islam, the case of Brown v. Board of Education (Topeka, Kansas). Glue Essays! He had studied the responses of more than 200 Black children who were given a choice of white or brown dolls. From his findings that the children showed a preference for essay of science and islam, the white dolls from as early as three years old, Clark concluded that segregation was psychologically damaging. This conclusion played a pivotal role in the decision of the Supreme Court outlawing segregation in education. Dr. Clark was the first Black president of the American Psychological Association.

He was also president of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. 1961 Awarded the catering plan, Spingard Medal by the NAACP. 1966 Received the of science and islam, Kurt Lewin Memorial Award by the Society for Psychological Study of Social Issues. He received honorary degrees from service usa ottawa, Haverford College, Yeshiva University, Oberlin College, Johns Hopkins University, Amherst College, New York University, Columbia University, and the University of Massachusetts. Sigma Xi fraternity. Brown v. Essay And Islam! Board of Education, segregation, Dr. Disability Essay! Mamie Phipps Clark. Selected Works and essay of science, Publications. Prejudice and Your Child (1965) The award winning; Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of Social Power (1965)

He was co-author with Jeannette Hopkins of Relevant War Against Poverty (1968) and words, co-editor with Talcott Parsons of Negro American (1968) Pathos of Power (1974) Mamie Phipps Clark. Essay Of Science! Died : August 11, 1983 in New York. 1938 B.A., magna cum laude, in Psychology from plan, Howard University. 1939 M.A. in Psychology from Howard. 1944 Ph.D. in Psychology from Columbia University. 1944-1945 Research psychologist for the American Public Health Association. And Islam! 1945-1946 Assumed duties as a research psychologist for the United States Armed Forces Institute, New York Examination Center at Teachers College, Columbia University. 1946 Became executive director of the Northside Center for Child Development in New York City.

1945-1946 Psychologist for the Riverdale Children#8217;s Association. 1958-1960 Visiting professor of experimental methods and argumentative plastic surgery, research design at Yeshiva University. Member of the board of directors for the New York Mission Society, Teachers College at essay of science, Columbia, Museum of Modern Art, and the Phelps Stokes Fund. Served with several advisory groups including the Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited (HARYOU) and the National Headstart Planning Committee. Dr. Clark's work with children's race-recognition and self-esteem showed that Black children became aware of their racial identity at about three years old. Essay Thesis! Concurrently, these children began to see themselves negatively, reflecting the views that society held about them. In 1946 with her husband Kenneth Clark, established the Northside Center for Child Development in a Harlem apartment basement. The center provided a homelike environment for children. She suspected that many Black children who were tested and told they were retarded, or had some other learning disability, were in and islam, fact not retarded.

The I.Q. Tips! tests were racially and economically biased toward white children. Mamie said this about the many cases. Following psychological testing it was found that most of the children were in fact above the of science, intelligence level placement in CRMD (Class for Children of Retarded Mental Development) classes (I.Q.=70) and that actions on the part of public school personnel were illegal in those schools located in minority and deprived areas (M. P. Clark, 1983). 1957 Received an Alumni Achievement Award from Howard University for outstanding post-graduate service in psychological research. 1972 Received the honorary Doctor of Humane Letter degree from Williams College. American Psychological Association. Fellow, American Association of surgery Orthopsychiatry.

Psychology of minorities, segregation, White Doll Test, Black Doll Test, children's self-image, Kenneth Clark. Selected Works and Publications. Essay Of Science And Islam! #8220;Segregation as a Factor in catering business, the Racial Identification of Negro Pre-school Children#8221; #8220;The Development of Consciousness of Self and essay of science, the Emergence of Racial Identification in Negro Pre-school Children#8221; #8220;Skin Color as a Factor in Racial Identification of glue words Negro Pre-school Children#8221; (All three pieces were done with her husband Kenneth B. Clark) Robert Prentiss Daniel. 1924 B.A. magna cum laude from Virginia Union University. 1928 Master#8217;s in Education from Columbia University. 1932 Ph.D. Educational Psychology from Columbia University. 1923-1925 Math instructor at of science, Virginia Union University. 1926-1928 Assistant professor of Education at Virginia Union. 1928-1936 Professor of Education and Psychology and Director of the Extension Division at Virginia Union University.

1932-1936 Director of the Division of Educational Psychology and Philosophy at awa essay tips, Virginia Union. 1936-1950 Inaugurated as President of Shaw University in North Carolina. 1950-1968 President of Virginia State College. He was also an ordained Baptist minister who served on and islam numerous church governing boards and essay, was active in many education and psychological organizations. Essay Of Science And Islam! He was the business, author of #8220;A Psychological Study of Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; and numerous other journal articles in the fields of psychology and education. 1948 Distinguished Service Award in Education- Urban League. 1953 Nominated president of Conference of Presidents of Negro Land Grant Colleges. American Psychological Association. National Association for the Study of Negro Life.

American Association of School Administrators. American Teachers Association. The National Education Association. Virginia State University (Virginia State College), education. Selected Works and Publications. Of Science And Islam! #8220;A Psychological Study of Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; Oran Wendle Eagleson.

1931 B.A. Psychology from Indiana University. Dissertations! 1932 M.A. Indiana University. 1935 Ph.D. Indiana University. 1936 Taught courses in psychology, sociology, economics, and philosophy at North Carolina College for Negroes in Durham, North Carolina.

1936 Accepted a position at essay of science and islam, Spelman College in Atlanta, also served as an exchange professor at Atlanta University while teaching at Spelman where he offered courses and directed theses for graduate students. 1954 Became Dean of Instruction at Spelman. 1970 Appointed Callaway Professor of Psychology at Spelman. Previously at writing, Spelman, psychology courses were for elective supplementary purposes not a major but after it was listed as a major field of study Dr. Eagleson encouraged many students to consider psychology as a major field, and gradually the number of psychology majors increased. He served as special lecturer and essay, consultant in orientation and training projects conducted by business plan, the Peace Corps, Head Start, and and islam, several school systems in Georgia. He was associated with the university of iowa, research program of the Cooperative Experiment Summer School of the Atlanta University Center and was co-director of the Morehouse-Spelman Intensified Pre-College Program. Child development, triplets. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;Comparative Studies of White and Negro Subjects in Learning to Discriminate Visual Magnitude#8221; #8220;The Success of Sixty Subjects in Attempting to Recognize Their Handwriting#8221; #8220;Identification of Musical Instruments When Heard Directly and Over a Public-Address System#8221; Carlton Benjamin Goodlett.

Died : January 25, 1997. B.S. in Psychology from Howard University. Essay Of Science And Islam! Master#8217;s Degree in Abnormal Psychology from the University of California at essay thesis, Berkeley. 1938 Ph.D. in Psychology at the University of and islam California at Berkeley. M.D. from Meharry Medical College in Tennessee. 1933 First Black to study psychology in the graduate division at the University of California. 1938 Taught educational psychology, learning, and statistics at West Virginia State College. While at Meharry he taught courses in psychology at Fisk University and Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial College. He also taught courses at Fort Valley State College in Georgia during two summer vacations.

Interned at Homer G. Phillips Hospital in St. Louis and then became a house physician at Maury County Colored Hospital in Columbus Tennessee. 1947 Became first co-publisher of the San Francisco Sun Reporter and then publisher in 1951. Awa Essay! 1967-1968 Taught a course at San Francisco State College entitled #8220;Group Conflict in Urban America#8221;. He was president of the San Francisco NAACP, president of the San Francisco Foundation to Study Our Schools, and a director of the San Francisco Council of Boy Scouts of America. He was a member of the National Committee on Africa.

He also served as chairman of the California Black Leadership Conference, a trustee of the essay, Third Baptist Church, and vice president of the San Francisco Council of Churches. 1966 Ran in the gubernatorial primary election in California, coming in third in a field of six Democrats. He was a three-time president of the National Newspaper Publishers Association. Gmat Awa Essay Tips! He sponsored a three or five year study that examined #8220;The Role of Alcohol, Hard Drugs and Narcotics on the Black Experience#8221;, by essay, the National Newspaper Publishers Association, National Bar Association, National Business League, and the National Medical Association. Dr. Goodlett and two other physicians were the only Black doctors in essay, San Francisco in the 1940s.

For years they were allowed to treat their patients only outside the hospitals. Goodlett led a fight to win access for all Black doctors. In 1947 he spearheaded the fight against San Francisco's public transit for failing to hire Black workers. Essay Of Science And Islam! Today the workforce at MUNI is over 40 percent African American. He was elected to the Presidium of the World Peace Council and glue, led American delegations to numerous peace assemblies, including the World Without Bomb Conference in Accra, the Stockholm Conference to End the War in essay of science, Vietnam and the World Assembly for Peace held in Germany. He also traveled many times to the Soviet Union and other socialist countries and visited Vietnam in 1975. Dr.

Goodlett was arrested at San Francisco State University in university, 1968 during protests by students demanding a Black studies department. Dr. Goodlett was an early tireless champion in essay and islam, the AIDS epidemic and served on Mayor Art Agnos#8217; HIV Task Force in 1990. Glue! National Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity scholarship to study at Howard. National Newspaper Publishers Association. Civil Rights Movement, NAACP. Selected Works and Publications. Of Science And Islam! #8220;The Mental Abilities of Twenty-Nine Deaf and Partially Deaf Negro Children#8221; #8220;The Reading Abilities of the Negro Elementary Child in Kanawha County, West Virginia#8221; #8220;A Comparative Study of dissertation service Adolescent Interests in Two Socio-Economic Groups#8221; Ruth Winifred Howard. 1921 B.S. in Social Work from of science, Simmons College in Boston. 1927 M.S. degree from Simmons College.

1929-1930 Under a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Fellowship for Parent Education she studied at Columbia University#8217;s Teachers College and catering business plan, School of Social Work. 1930-1934 Under a second Rockefeller fellowship she studied at the University of Minnesota. 1934 Ph.D. in Psychology and child Development from the University of Minnesota. 1923-1929 Practiced social work, first in community organization with the Cleveland Urban League and later in child welfare with the State Welfare Agency. 1934 The first Black woman in the United States to of science receive a Ph.D. in psychology while at the University of Minnesota. 1940-1964 Co-director, with husband Albert S. University! Beckham, for the Center for Psychological Services in Chicago. 1940-1964 Psychologist for Chicago#8217;s Provident Hospital School of Nursing while consulting with schools of nursing in Kansas City, Missouri, and Jacksonville, Florida. After a clinical internship at the Illinois Institute for Juvenile Research, she entered into private practice in clinical psychology. 1953-1955 Consultant to essay of science and islam adolescents for the Evanston Illinois Public Schools. 1955 Reading therapist at the University of Chicago#8217;s Reading Clinic.

1966-1968 Staff member for Worthington and writing service, Hurst Psychological Consultants. 1964-1966 Psychologist for the McKinley Center for Retarded Children. 1968-1972 Psychologist for the Chicago Board of essay and islam Health, Mental Health Division. Over Plastic Surgery! Psychological consultant for children#8217;s programs at Abraham Lincoln Centre and Daniel D. Howard Associates in Chicago. Her doctoral research, #8220;A Study of the Development of Triplets,#8221; was the and islam, first published study of a sizeable group of triplets of varying ages from several ethnic groups. 1968 San Antonio, Texas at the HemisFair exposition she was cited for her contribution to Texas culture. Rockefeller Foundation General Education Board Fellowship. Chicago Psychology Club. Illinois Psychological Association. America Psychological Association.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. International Reading Association. Board member of the YWCA of Chicago. Women#8217;s International League for catering business, Peace and Freedom. American Association of University Women. National Association of College Women. International House Association. Art Institute of Chicago. And Islam! Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference. Delta Sigma Theta sorority. Plan! Child development, triplets.

Selected Works and Publications. #8220;A Study of the Development of Triplets#8221; #8220;Fantasy and the Play Interview#8221; #8220;Intellectual and Personality Traits of a Group of Triplets#8221; #8220;Developmental History of a Group of of science Triplets#8221; Martin David Jenkins. 1925 B.S. in Mathematics from essay thesis, Howard University in Washington, D.C. Degree in Teacher Education from Indiana State College (now University) 1933 Master#8217;s Degree from essay of science and islam, Northwestern University. 1935 Doctorate from Northwestern University. 1930-1932 Instructor of education at Virginia State College (University). 1934 Awarded a graduate fellowship from Northwestern University, the first of its kind given to a Black American at Northwestern.

1935-1937 Registrar and professor of Education at North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College. 1937 Accepted the essay over plastic surgery, position of Dean of Instruction at Cheyney State Teachers College in Pennsylvania. 1938-1948 Professor of education at Howard University with a one-year duty assignment as a Senior Specialist in Higher Education, Office of essay of science Education. 1948-1970 President of Morgan State College in Maryland. 1970-1974 Director of the Office of Urban Affairs, American Council on Education in university dissertations, Washington, D.C. His Ph.D. dissertation, #8220;A Socio-Psychological Study of Negro Children of Superior Intelligence,#8221; became an educational psychology classic. His investigation into intelligence test scores found that intelligence levels for Blacks were as high as those for whites.

He also discovered a representative sample of #8220;superior#8221; Black students, one of whom had the highest IQ then on record. He lectured widely on educational psychology in the U.S. and under the auspices of the U.S. Department of State at various college and universities in France, Norway, Sweden, Greece, Italy, and and islam, Lebanon. In addition, he was a Diplomate in Clinical Psychology (ABEPP) and published more than eighty books, monographs, and articles. He was decorated by the Liberian Government as Knight of the Liberian Humane Order of African Redemption. Andrew White Medal from Loyola College. Of Iowa! The Department of the Army Outstanding Civilian Service Medal. A Commendation for Model Cities Activities by the Departments of essay Health, Education, and Welfare and Housing and Urban Development.

He was awarded honorary doctor#8217;s degrees by the University of Liberia, Delaware State College, Howard University, Indiana State University, Johns Hopkins University, Lincoln University, and Morgan State College. 1974 the Martin David Jenkins Behavioral Science Center at Morgan State College was dedicated in his honor. Phi Beta Kappa honor society. Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. Sigma Pi Phi fraternity. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;A Socio-Psychological Study of Negro Children of Superior Intelligence#8221; Howard Hale Long. 1915 B.S. and Bachelor#8217;s Diploma in Education from Howard University. 1916 Master#8217;s degree in Experimental Psychology from Clark University.

1933 Doctor of Education degree in Educational Psychology from Harvard. 1916-1917 was a psychology instructor at Howard University. Served in WWI as an infantry first lieutenant in Europe. Dean at Paine College in Georgia. 1923 Appointed Dean of the School of Education at Knoxville College. 1924 Supervising principal in university, the public school system of Washington, D.C. 1933 First graduate of Howard University to earn a Doctor of Education degree in educational psychology from Harvard. 1925-1948 Associate superintendent in charge of educational research for the District of Columbia schools. 1949 Dean of Administration at Wilberforce State College in Ohio.

He published several research monographs in educational psychology and provided leadership for many research projects. His early publications #8220;An Analysis of Some Factors Influencing Alpha Scores by States#8221; and #8220;On Mental Tests and Racial Psychology#8221; were frequently quoted in the field of essay of science and islam psychometry. Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Psychometry, Educational psychology. Selected Works and Publications. Of Iowa! #8220;An Analysis of essay of science and islam Some Factors Influencing Alpha Scores by States#8221; #8220;On Mental Tests and disability essay, Racial Psychology#8221; James Thomas Morton, Jr. 1934 B.A. in Psychology from the University of Illinois at Champaign. 1935 M.A. from Northwestern University. 1942 Ph.D. in essay, Psychology from Northwestern.

1936 Taught at awa essay tips, Bennett College in North Carolina prior to earning his Ph.D. Drafted into the army as a private and near the end of essay his military career he was given a direct commission as a psychologist, the disability, only Black American to receive such an appointment during World War II. Accepted a position at Dillard University in Louisiana as a counselor and professor. 1946 Accepted an appointment at essay and islam, Tuskegee Veterans#8217; Hospital in Alabama, becoming the first Black chief psychologist for the VA. Catering Business Plan! 1948 Designated Diplomate in Clinical Psychology in the APA#8217;s first listing of Diplomate status awards. 1953 Entered private practice and became employed at the VA Hospital at Downey, Illinois.

At the of science and islam, time of his death he was coordinator of training for psychology Ph.D. candidates at the VA Hospital at Downey. On a voluntary basis, as a high school student, he taught classes in Negro history to member of the Evanston community and various church groups. He produced an unpublished study of Black psychologists, hoping to use the data to thesis assist in the recruitment of young Black scholars in psychology. He compiled an immense data bank relating to the intelligence of essay of science and islam Black Americans as measured by the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test. He was a pioneer for Blacks in clinical psychology and a strong advocate for equal education and employment opportunities for minority youth. Service Usa Ottawa! Elected to Fellow status in the APA. Clinical psychology, social psychology. Selected Works and Publications. Inez Beverly Prosser. Prairie View Normal College. 1924 B.A. #8220;with distinction#8221; from Samuel Houston College in Education.

Masters in Educational Psychology from the University of Colorado. 1933 Ph.D. Educational Psychology from the of science and islam, University of Cincinnati. Taught education at Tillotson College in Austin Texas. 1921-1930 became Dean and Registrar at Tillotson College. 1930 Accepted a teaching position and administrative duties at Tougaloo College in Tougaloo, Mississippi. 1933 First Black American woman to receive a Ph.D. in educational psychology. Her dissertation the #8220;Non-Academic Development of Negro Children in glue words essays, Mixed and Segregated Schools#8221;, for of science, which she earned her Ph. D., was one of the first investigations into the social domain of elementary school children. Provided encouragement and a college fund to assist all of her eleven brothers and argumentative over surgery, sister attend college that wanted to; allowing all to complete high school and six complete college. Essay Of Science! 1968 San Antonio, Texas at the HemisFair exposition she was cited for her contribution to Texas culture.

Rockefeller Foundation General Education Board Fellowship. Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. African Methodist Episcopal Church. Education, Texas history, Segregation. Selected Works and Publications.

The Non-Academic Development of Negro Children in Mixed and Segregated Schools#8221; Shearley Oliver Roberts. 1932 B.A. degree with honors from Brown University. 1933 M.A. degree with honors from Brown. 1944 the University of catering plan Minnesota conferred a Ph.D. in Child Welfare (Child Development) and Psychology.

Studied at the University of Minnesota with J.E. Anderson, F. Goodenough, B.F. Skinner, and D.G. Paterson. 1933-1936 Instructor at Atlanta University. 1942-1943 Acting dean at Dunbar Junior College.

1939-1942 and 1944-1945 Teacher and Dean of Students at Arkansas AMN College. Lecturer in psychology at Meharry Medical College. And Islam! 1950 Delegate to the White House Conference on Youth. 1950 Inaugurated the Program in Child Life and Development at Fisk. Served on the Council of Psychological Resources in the South, the Governor#8217;s Committee on glue Training and Research in Tennessee, the board of the Mental Health Center of Middle Tennessee, the Nashville Metropolitan Action Commission (as member and vice chairman) and other scientific and professional groups. He was also a delegate to essay of science and islam the White House Conference on Youth in 1950. Participated in the Thayer Conference on Psychology and Schools. He was editor of the Fisk-Meharry Local Preparatory Commission#8217;s Report on #8220;Negro America Youth, Mental Health and World Citizenship.#8221; From 1951-1952 he was a professor of psychology and education and the chairman of Fisk University#8217;s psychology department.

Under his chairmanship the psychology department at Fisk was established. Fellow of the Society for Research in Child Development and of the Division of Developmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association. Of Iowa! Sigma Xi Society. Psi Chi Society. Child development, mental health principles, testing, cultural difference, personality adjustment. Selected Works and Publications. Francis Cecil Sumner. Father of Black American.

Died : January 12, 1954 in Washington, DC. 1911 at the age of 15 he enrolled at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. 1915 at the age of 19 or 20, he graduated magna cum laude with special honors in of science and islam, English, Modern Languages, Greek, Latin, and Philosophy. 1916 he was awarded a second B.A. in English from Clark University in Worcester Massachusetts. Dissertation Writing Service! 1917 he received his M.A. degree from Lincoln University. On June 14, 1920 when he received his Ph.D. from Clark University, Francis Cecil Sumner became the first African American to receive a Ph.D. degree in psychology. 1916 As a graduate student at Lincoln University he taught psychology of religion, mysticism, rationalism, experimental psychology, social psychology and intermediate and advanced German.

1920-1921 Took his first teaching position at Wilber force University in Ohio. 1921 (summer) Taught at Southern University in Louisiana. 1921 (fall) Accepted an appointment as instructor of psychology and philosophy in the college department at West Virginia Collegiate Institute (now Virginia State College). 1928 Resigned from West Virginia after becoming restless and assumed the acting chairmanship of the department of psychology at Howard University where he remained until his death in 1954. Of Science! 1931 Had the opportunity to attend the First International Congress for Religious Psychology held at the University of Vienna. There he presented a paper entitled, #8220;Mental Hygiene and Religion#8221; and met many leaders among European psychologists of religion. Sumner believed that in order to develop a strong program to train Black psychologists adequately, psychology departments needed to service usa ottawa be autonomous units. With the help of then Howard University#8217;s president, Mordecai Johnson, a separate department of essay and islam psychology was permanently established and he was appointed full professor and head of the argumentative surgery, department in 1930.

Sumner did vast amounts of research concerning equality and justice between Blacks and Whites. For example, he studied the attitudes of Blacks and Whites towards the administration of justice with the goal of administering justice on a more democratic basis. Along with his graduate students more than two thousand college students were surveyed for the research. Essay! Under Sumner#8217;s tutelage many of his students went on to become leading psychologists in their own right. One such student was Kenneth Bancroft Clark whose psychological research on tips prejudice, discrimination and of science and islam, segregation in the developing child was used in the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education. At the West Virginia Collegiate Institute, Sumner created a prestigious award that was given to a psychology student with the most outstanding essay on a particular topic. Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Psi Chi fraternity. Pi Gamma Mu fraternity. Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. Fellow, American Psychological Association.

American Association for the Advancement of disability Science. America Educational Research Association. Eastern Psychological Association. Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology. District of Columbia Psychological Association. Social psychology, psychology of religion, father of Black psychologists. Selected Works and Publications. His Ph.D. dissertation #8220;Psychoanalysis of Freud and Adler#8221; was published in the Pedagogical Seminary later named The Journal of of science Genetic Psychology and it was called an outstanding interpretation of psychoanalytic theories. #8220;Core and Contest in the Drowsy State#8221; contributed to the American Journal of Psychology. #8220;The Structure of Religion: A History of European Psychology of catering plan Religion#8221; Charles Henry Thompson. 1917 B.A. Virginia Union University.

1918 Degree from the University of Chicago. 1920 Masters in Education and Psychology from the University of Chicago. 1925 Ph. D. in Educational Psychology from the University of Chicago. 1925 First Black American to receive doctor#8217;s degree in educational psychology. Of Science! 1920-1921 Psychology instructor at Virginia Union University.

1922-1924 Director of Instruction at Alabama State Normal School. 1925-1926 Instructor in psychology and service usa ottawa, social science at Summer High School and Junior College in Kansas City, Kansas. 1926-1980 Lifelong association with Howard University holding positions as: Professor of Education, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts, and essay and islam, Dean of the Graduate School. As Editor-in-Chief of of iowa dissertations Journal of Negro Education, Dr. Thompson was responsible for making it into a highly prestigious periodical. He also wrote more than 100 articles and editorials. Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. Howard University, Journal of Negro Education. Selected Works and Publications. Alberta Banner Turner. 1929 B.S. Home Economics Ohio State University. 1931 M.S. Education Ohio State University. Essay! 1935 Ph.D. Psychology Ohio State University.

1935 First African American to tips receive a doctorate degree in psychology from Ohio State University. 1935-1936 Head of the home economic department at Winston-Salem College in North Carolina. 1936-1937 Professor of psychology and head of the department of essay of science Home Economics at Lincoln University in Missouri. 1938-1939 Head of the Department of Home Economics at Southern University in Louisiana. 1939 Head of the home economics department at Bennett College for Women in North Carolina. 1944 Clinician at the Ohio Bureau of Juvenile Research. 1963 Promoted to the Central Administrative Office of the Ohio Youth Commission and became the Director of Research for the Ohio Youth Commission, while teaching a variety of graduate courses at Ohio State University and university of iowa, being a psychologist at the Ohio Reformatory for Women. 1971 After retiring, she became an administrative assistant to Weight Watchers of Central Ohio keeping with her research interest in the psychological aspects of obesity. She was also a Mary Kay cosmetics director.

Turner was the essay of science and islam, founding president of the Columbus chapter and the first national program director of The Links Inc., which has 10,000 members nationwide. Thesis! She has been instrumental in establishing the and islam, Prelude Scholarship and Recognition Program, a partnership of Links, Ohio State and the Columbus Public Schools to honor minority students. Links also has funded an endowed scholarship at words essays, Ohio State to of science support minority students. Turner has served as a role model and counselor for young people, especially troubled teen-agers, and she has been a pioneer for African Americans in the diagnosis and treatment of delinquent behavior. She has been a strong advocate for racial, civil and religious rights and has worked tirelessly to usa ottawa ensure them for others. 1966 Named one of the Ten Women of the Year by the Columbus Citizen-Journal. 1971 Given a citation from the essay and islam, State of Ohio and the Ohio Youth Commission read, #8220;Alberta Banner Turner, Ph.D., has been synonymous with mention of the field of juvenile rehabilitation and treatment in Ohio for over 27 years. She has played a very active role in its history#8221; Gamma Psi Kappa. Alpha Kappa Alpha Award for Community and Scholastic Endeavors.

Pi Lambda Theta Citation. She holds Diplomat status in gmat awa essay, Clinical Psychology (ABEPP) and is certified by essay of science, the Ohio Psychological Association. Criminal Justice Supervisory Commission. Ohio Society for Crippled Children and Adults. Home economics, psychological aspects of obesity, juvenile rehabilitation. Selected Works and plastic surgery, Publications. #8220;The Effects of Practice on the Perception and Memorization of Digits Presented in Single Exposure#8221; #8220;The Psychologist ant the Juvenile Diagnostic Center: Past, Present and Future#8221; Charles Henry Turner. Of Science! Frederick Payne Watts. 1926 Bachelors degree in awa essay, French and Psychology from Howard University.

Master#8217;s Degree from Howard University. 1941 Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. 1928 After teaching briefly at Kittrell College in North Carolina he returned to Howard to teach. 1941 First Black person to receive a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of and islam Pennsylvania. 1942 Called to serve in the army as a pre-induction classification officer and personnel consultant during World War II, setting up psychological testing facilities for the Baltimore induction station and supervising the assignment and counseling of enlisted personnel in various military installations. 1945 Upon his discharge as a captain in the adjutant general#8217;s department, he was appointed assistant chief clinical psychologist for the Veterans Administration regional office in glue essays, Philadelphia. 1948 Returned to Howard to establish the Liberal Arts Counseling Service, which later came to encompass the essay of science, total student body (renamed the University Counseling Service) 1949 director of the University Counseling Service and taught psychology part-time at Howard until his retirement in 1970. Diplomate in Clinical Psychology (ABEPP)

Delinquents, counseling, clinical psychology, vision. Selected Works and Publications. Rivalry Between Uniocular Negative After Images and the Vision of the Other Eye#8221; with Francis Sumner. A Comparative and Clinical Study of writing service usa ottawa Delinquent and Non-Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; Initial Group Counseling of Freshmen#8221; A Study of the College Environment#8221; The Development of essay of science and islam a Behavior Judgment Scale#8221; Roger Kenton Williams. B.A. degree, magna cum laude, in Sociology from Claflin College in South Carolina.

1946 Ph.D. in Psychology from Pennsylvania State University in College Park. 1941 Accepted an appointment as associate professor of education and psychology at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. Called into the U.S. Coast Guard as a Chief Yeoman in Recruitment and Morale during World War II. 1946-1948 Became a professor of psychology and Director of the Veterans Administration Guidance Center. Professor of education and Director of Student Personnel at Morgan State College. 1949-1972 Professor of psychology and chairman of the psychology department at Morgan State. 1958-1968 Director of dissertation writing usa ottawa Morgan#8217;s Independent Study Project and was a consultant for the Ford Foundation. Essay And Islam! 1968-1969 Acting dean of the graduate school at Morgan State.

1972 Named chairman of the Maryland State Board of Examiners of Psychologists. 1972-1973 Vice President for Academic Affairs and was later named Vice President for Planning and Operations Analysis at Morgan State University. Business! He researched #8220;Creating Institutional Opportunities for Producing More Black Ph.D#8217;s in Psychology#8221;, #8220;Appearance, Features and the Concept of Black Militancy#8221;, and a number of academic placement tests. He also had research interests in student research supervision, independent study design, and statistical application of qualitative data. Statistical application of qualitative data. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;Creating Institutional Opportunities for Producing More Black Ph.D#8217;s in Psychology#8221; with Bayton and Roberts. #8220;Appearance, Features and the Concept of Black Militancy#8221; with Gregory Shannon. #8220;A Comparison of College Students Classified by Psychological Clinic as Personality Maladjustment Cases and as Vocational Guidance Cases#8221; Howard Emery Wright.

1932 B.A. from essay and islam, Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. 1933 M.A. in Psychology from Ohio State University. 1946 Ph.D. in Psychology from Ohio State University. 1933 Principal of the Campus Laboratory School at Albany State College in Georgia. 1936-1939 Principal of Aracoma High School in Logan West Virginia. 1940-1945 Principal of the university of iowa, Campus Laboratory School at Prairie View College in Texas. He was also associate professor of education and director of teacher training at essay of science and islam, Prairie View. 1945-1948 Chairman of the psychology department at North Carolina College in Durham. University Dissertations! 1948-1953 Chairman of the division of education and essay and islam, psychology at dissertations, Texas Southern University.

1953 Returned to North Carolina to reassume the chairmanship of the psychology department. 1961 Appointed president of Allen University in South Carolina. Essay And Islam! 1965 Regional director of Community Action Programs fro the Office of Economic Opportunity in Washington, D.C. 1966-1967 Branch chief of the dissertation service, Division of College Support for the U.S. Office of Education. Of Science And Islam! 1967 Accepted the dissertation writing service usa ottawa, academic deanship at Maryland State College in Princess Anne, Maryland. 1970 Acting chancellor at the University of Maryland. 1972 Director, Division of Social Sciences at Hampton Institute in Virginia.

1974 Professor of psychology at Salisbury State College in Maryland. He served as a board member of the Home for Dependent Children in (Houston, Texas), Child Guidance Clinic (Durham, North Carolina), and Advisory Committee to the Civil Rights Commission and Vice President of Victory Savings Bank (Columbia, South Carolina). He researched the areas of social psychology and attitudinal testing. Omega Psi Phi fraternity. American Association of essay of science and islam University Professors.

American Psychological Association. Education, social psychology attitudinal testing. Selected Works and Publications. Catering! #8220;An Analysis of Results with Certain Tests of Interests and Attitudes#8221;

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The Relationship Between Islam And Science Philosophy Essay

Operations Management in Business Essay. In writing this assignment the template provided by the college has been used helping in essay of science, completing the Assignment in the correct format. Information for this assignment has been collected from of iowa various sources such as academic pieces of writing from textbooks and lecture notes. Information on the company has been gathered from the and islam, organisations website, journal articles and dissertation writing government statistics. Essay And Islam! References will be provided at the end of the assignment under the referencing section. LO1: Understand the structure and aims of disability, business organisations. LO1.1 Explain the importance of operational management.

Operation management can be identified as a complete set of managerial activities employed by the organization to transform resource inputs into product and essay service outputs. So the resource inputs are the factors of production such as materials, parts, supplies, technologies, capital, human resources and information. The transformational process is that set of activities through which operations managements produces output that is value to gmat a customer or client in the organization’s external environment. Essay! So the concept of adding value is critical to operations management. So when operations add value to the original cost of the resource inputs, where a business can generate profit or non profit org can provide public services to the society. So no organization can be successful unless they manage their operations efficiently. An organization has to manage its operations in an effective manner so that customers will get a satisfactory output. Why an essay operation manger position is of science and islam important to Kingslice. 1.To take capacity decisions:

That is as operation manager, has to decide how much capacity will be needed and need to identity how flexible capacity should be. 2.To take facilities decisions: So operation manger has to decide where should facilities be located and also how many facilities will be needed and what size they should be. 3.To make workflow and technology decisions: Operation manger should decide what workflow layout would be best for plan, Kingslice and also what technology should be used. 4.To make materials and inventory decisions: How often should inventory be ordered and essay and islam how large should inventory levels be. 5.Have to make quality decisions:

As a bread producing company how Kingslice can achieve best quality outputs and what level it should be. Essay! So as the operation manger in Kingslice it is really important to concentrate on productivity and profitability. So as the operation manager I have to of science and islam look at Quality, Efficiency and Effectiveness issues in the company. •Quality Standard: As it is expected to produce various kinds of breads to meet customers’ needs it is university of iowa very necessary to maintain standard quality in products. Eg: Wholemeal bread, White bread, Gluten-free bread. To ensure quality, the of science, right ingredients must be bought at a reasonable price to be competitive among the rivals.

So the Economic Order Quantity model will be an effective tool in this case. •Efficiency Standard: Should reduce wastage and need to produce the right amount of breads according to sales. It is very important that all the equipments need to be up to essay plastic date according to new technology bakers should be well trained. •Effectiveness Standard: This will help Kingslice to generate more profit and will attract more investors in to the organization. So having skilful staffs and proper equipment will help to lift up the effectiveness in Kingslice. Essay! LO1.2 Explain the need to glue essays produce safely; on time; to cost; to quality and essay of science and islam within the university, law Operational efficiency is the ability of an organization to deliver products or services to its customers in the most cost-effective manner possible while still ensuring the high quality of essay of science and islam, its product, service and support. To improve operational efficiency it’s important to argumentative over plastic surgery analyze the and islam, current situation of the company, which occurs when the right combination of the essays, people, process and essay of science technology come together to enhance the productivity and value of any business operations, while reducing the cost of routine. It is important for, Kingslice as bread producing company to, -Decrease operational cost and optimize efficiency.

-Manage and develop product quality and ensure regulatory compliance -Generate a real time demand driven sales and operational planning process. Kingslice should guarantee that safety of all staffs. Staffs need to carry out a health and safety trainings which will be useful be more cautious at work and react efficiently to safety issues. Equipments should be service over period of time to prevent any danger. ?Cost. Minimising wastage will help Kingslice a lot. So the saved money saved could be used in other departments which lack facilities. Avoiding unnecessary cost will help the company to stay competitive. ?Time. Producing the bread on time will help Kingslice honouring its contacts to the retailers. Argumentative Surgery! By this act, other retailers can switch to Kingslice. ?Quality. Customer and retailers feedback need to be taken in to consideration seriously so that we can identify which areas need to and islam improve the business plan, most.

Having regular meetings with staffs is another form of feedback where ideas can be discussed as well as issues in how to improve quality. ?Legislation. To maintain our competiveness and essay and islam reputation in the market Kingslice need to. stick on to the law. Essay Surgery! Health and safety policy should be respected by giving the staffs the necessary equipments to work. And Islam! There are laws that protect the environment; at words essays Kingslice we should try to recycle waste. LO1.3 Explain the link between operations management and strategic planning Operations management deals with designs, management with products, processes, services and supply chains. It is considered that the acquisition, development and resources utilization that company needs to provide the goods and services to fulfil their customer’s needs. So basically it is the essay of science and islam, acquisition of resources and processes them into finished goods according to words essays the customers’ wants and and islam the business goal. Awa Essay! Strategic planning is a method for a company planning the essay, present based on the projections what will be needed in the future. So it is a road map to direct the business from where it is now where it will like to be Strategic planning gives a clear view on: •How resources should be allocated. •The issues need to be addressing.

•The strengths and weaknesses. Strategic Planning Process. Link between Strategic Planning and Operation Management. In Kingslice, as the disability essay thesis, operational manger should be able operate following operations strategies, •Ability to produce bread at low cost. •Ability produce in accordance with specification and without error •Ability to essay of science and islam do things quickly in response to customer demands and thereby offer short lead times between when customers orders a product and when they receive it. •Ability to argumentative essay plastic deliver products in accordance with promises made to customers •Ability to change the volume of production. •Ability to essay of science change the mix of different products. Eg: Wholemeal bread, White bread. •Ability to innovate and introduce new products. Eg: Gluten-free bread, Multi-seed bread. Applying the SWOT analysis in Kingslice, -Strengths: Get the glue words essays, best out of the staffs and equipping well trained staff and technology. -Weaknesses: Need to reduce the wastes and have to follow or standard recycling method. Essay Of Science And Islam! -Opportunities: Innovating products and change package design will help to increase the of iowa, sales. -Threats: competitors and health and safety issues.

LO1.4 Produce a systems diagram to illustrate a typical business. LO2: Understand the link between operations management and strategic planning LO2.1 Explain the ‘Three Es’ (economy, efficiency and effectiveness) In this 3 Es’ theory it is often referred to essay Value of Money. •Economy –Minimising the cost of resources (doing things at a low price) This covers financial side of work carried out. It is measured by considering the cost of resources consumed into value of output delivered. University! •Efficiency –Performing tasks with realistic attempt (doing things the right way) This can be measured in terms of the essay of science, inputs required to generate the thesis, outputs. So if a task can be finished with less resources, the efficiency is been improved. •Effectiveness –The point to which objectives are met (doing the right things) This can be measured by setting up a target before a task begins and then evaluating whether the targets have been achieved not. •Integrating 3Es use of the resources in improving quality of the of science and islam, products and catering plan the customer service in Subway. So this 3Es are interrelated so as operations manger when dealing with improving quality and customer service its necessary to consider all 3. So I can suggest following, •Benchmarking against other rivals for indications as to whether we are “economic enough”, “efficient enough” and “effective enough”. •Comparing with other parts of our organization. •Measuring and interpreting trends over a period of time. •Aiming to continuous improvement. So I would suggest following measures to improve above qualities in Subway, •Economy Performance Measures:

Maintaining a cost per unit. Comparing the essay of science, actual cost input with planned input. •Efficiency Performance Measures: Minimising the waste. Make sure staffs well trained. Equipment must be up to date. •Effective Performance Measures: Storing the disability essay thesis, right amount of stocks. Identifying the essay, best selling meal depending on the location.

Identifying the target customer group. Responding to customer feedbacks. LO2.2Explain the tension between cost minimisation and words essays quality maximisation. Cost minimisation aims to essay of science and islam achieve the most cost efficient way of delivering goods and services achieve the essential level of quality. Customer is the main root in Tesco Plc, without them they cannot survive in the completive market.

While offering good customer services and the good quality products need to argumentative surgery have an idea about the cost minimization of the product as well. So in of science, this case I realised major out flow of the company is marketing and branding cost. Glue Words Essays! Therefore I have to and islam identify better marketing and branding technique to drop overall Tesco marketing and branding cost for our products. Dissertation Service Usa Ottawa! But marketing is very vital to and islam survive in this competitive market (ex.Asda, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, Waitrose) Thus have to look any alternation cost to reduce rather than cutting marketing cost. I came with an idea to reduce production cost at controlling, •Minimise the extra over time, •Minimise unnecessary utility expenses.

•Management ordering –then we can reduce transport cost and increase the sales in an efficient way. •Hence some Tesco expresses don’t have their own bake off it will be good move to build their own bake off to control waste, cost and provide high quality products. In the mean time I have given my attention to best customer services throughout our entire retail shops. By advising all retail managers to look after extra satisfactory stock at any time and maintain all warehouse activities including production ,servicing and manage of chilled foods and grocery items while minimum of wastage and maximising customer satisfaction towards highest profitability margin while in surgery, according to control the safety features. To increase the customer services I manage to conduct, •Proper training programme to all our staff. •Evaluate the retail shops and individual staff by’’ mystery shopper’’ •Well experience new staff recruitment,

LO2.3 Evaluate the significance of the five performance objectives that underpin operations management Strategy in a business organization is essentially about how the organization seeks to survive and prosper within its environment over of science, the long-term. The decisions and actions taken within its operations have a direct impact on the basis on which an organization is able to do this. The way in which an organization secures, deploys and utilizes its resources will determine the extent to which it can successfully pursue specific performance objectives. Slack et al. (2004) argue that there are five operations strategies: 1 Cost: The ability to plan produce at low cost. 2 Quality: The ability to produce in accordance with specification and without error. Essay Of Science And Islam! 3 Speed: The ability to do things quickly in response to customer demands and thereby offer short lead times between when a customer orders a product or service and when they receive it. 4 Dependability: The ability to deliver products and services in accordance with promises made to customers (e.g. in a quotation or other published information). 5 Flexibility: The ability to change operations. Disability Essay Thesis! Flexibility can comprise up to four aspects: •The ability to change the volume of production. •The ability to essay change the time taken to produce.

•The ability to change the mix of different products or services produced. •The ability to innovate and introduce new products and services. Operations strategy has a vertical relationship in the corporate hierarchy with business and corporate strategies, and disability horizontally with the other functional strategies, most notably with marketing strategy. Operations strategy might come about in a top-down or a bottom-up process with regard to business and corporate strategies. Similarly, an operations strategy might be developed in and islam, response to market requirements (i.e. market-led) or be based on the capabilities of its operations. Slack et al. (2004: p.67) argue that an operations strategy concerns the pattern of strategic decisions and actions, which set the role, objectives, and activities of operations’. Their use of the term ‘pattern’ implies a consistency in strategic decisions and actions over time. LO3 Understand how to organise a typical production process. LO3.1Explain linear programming.

Linear programming is the process of taking various linear inequalities relating to some situation, and gmat awa essay finding the “best” value obtainable under those conditions. Let X be the number of items produced in Basic and. Y be the number of items produced in Deluxe. Let P be the profit from both Basic and Deluxe. A maximum units of capital is 100. Maximum labour availability is and islam 60 hours. The number of items of the products should be greater than or equals to zero. Then; Graphical method is used to solve the problem. 3 points are available and the 4th point should be derived from the university of iowa, graph Point (0,15) , (0,0) and (25,0) is essay of science and islam available , substituting in gmat tips, P= 10x+15y. Therefore the maximum profit = 267.5.

LO3.2 Evaluate critical path analysis and network planning. Critical path analysis is a step by step technique for process planning. This is series of activities determining the earliest completion of the project and schedule network analysis techniques used to identify the schedule flexibility and essay of science and islam the critical path of the project schedule network diagram. The critical path is the longest path (sequence of activities) in a project schedule network diagram. Because it is the longest path, it determines the duration of the project and hence the finish dates of the project given the start date. CPA requires careful planning so projects can run smoothly. Improve efficiency and cash flow, therefore materials can be ordered to arrive only as they are needed. Critical path analysis. •May be used as part of the decision making process. •Enables a firm to plan and monitor operations.

•Time related – identifies the maximum time for an operation to be completed. •Identify potential problems in implementing operation. •Identifies where and dissertation writing service usa ottawa when resources (including human ones) are needed. The approach is in three parts. •Create the network – break the overall task down into discrete activities and then create a logical network showing the relationship between the activities in terms of essay, what follows or precedes what.

•Calculate the timings – make estimates of the time required for each activity and calculate the total time required for glue, the project and the critical path – the and islam, path of activities which must happen to estimate if the project is to be completed on catering business time. •Update and monitor progress – this is where critical path analysis is really important in areas such as constructions. Having formed the of science, network and made the estimates and initial calculations, the progress of the activities can be monitored and the whole network updated as work progresses, to ensure that the project completion is not delayed. The following tasks, estimates and precedence have been agreed in a project. TaskActivityEstimated datesprecedence. AWrite project initiation document3- BResearch site one4A.

CResearch site two2A. DDocument requirements – site one6B. EDocument requirement – site two5C. FDefine non – functional requirements2A. GDefine agreed requirements3D,E,F.

HWrite invitation to tender4G. So we can prepare a project network for this project. After that we can be able to identify which activities are on the critical path of the essay, project. Observing this path we can be able to infer the estimated elapsed duration of the project. The project network for this project- Critical path = ABDG H. In order to complete to and islam this project take 29 days normally but after applying critical path can be able to finish this 20 days and we can save 9 days from this. LO3.3 Explain the need for operational planning and control. Operational planning and disability essay control decisions involve arrangement and control of essay and islam, labour, materials, and capital input to catering business plan produce the required quantity and quality of production most efficiently. Essay Of Science! Operational planning and control are based on business plan forecasts of future demand for the output of the system.

But even with the of science and islam, best possible forecasting and the most finely tuned operations system, demand cannot always be met with existing system capability in a given time period. •Unexpected market trends. •new product developments. Can throw the forecasts off and problems in the operations system can reduce capacity. At these times, shorter term managerial decisions must be made to allocate system capacity to meet demand. Long term planning involves factors such as fixed capacity planning and product planning. These decisions will affect the organization in the long run. Medium and short term planning involves variable capacity planning, product forecasting, operations scheduling and inventory management.

Operation manger organises the operations functioned be allocating responsibilities and creating structures. To ensure business will run smoothly in the long run following planning and controls have to take in to action ?Routing: _ decides the quality and material type. _organizing production control forms. _investigating which part of the product need to produced or bought. Preventing unnecessary delays and completing operations successfully and efficiently. _Master scheduling. How the process and catering business operations are done through the of science and islam, route sheets. _Centralised Despatching. ?Follow up and expediting. LO4 Be able to apply relevant techniques to the production of an operational plan for a typical business. LO4.1 Produce a set of clearly defined operational outcomes.

Companies achieve operational outcomes by reducing or avoiding costs. We can use SMART tool to define the outcomes. •Specific: Clear and definite terms describing abilities, knowledge, values, attitudes and performance. •Measurable: It is feasible to get the data and data are accurate and reliable so it can be assed in essay, more than one way. •Aggressive but Attainable: Has potential to move the and islam, organization forward. •Results-oriented: Describes what standards are expected from customers. •Time-bound: Describes where organization would like to be within a specific time period •As the disability thesis, Operations Manager at Curry’s, •When a customer orders for of science, any particular product online it will be delivered next day, so as the operational manger if we can improve that same day service. It will enhance the quality of customer service provided by words Curry’s. •Reviewing all the and islam, shifts and rescheduling the staff rota. So we can put more staff in the busy periods so it will help to provide excellent customer service because customers won’t be waiting in the long queues to get served. •Customer Returns have a bad effect on glue words essays the business so as operation manger need to ensure the customer to remain faithful to Curry’s. Discount vouchers, Percentage discounts can be issued to and islam the customer. University Of Iowa Dissertations! This will satisfy customers. •Some customers experience problems in essay of science and islam, going through the catalogues. Catering Business! By having trained staffs, it is promising for them to offer help to the customers who wish to use their assist in deciding which particular product the customers are looking for. •As the operation manger, need to compliance with budget and stability in curries. LO4.2 Produce a network plan and indicate the resultant critical path.

ASearch for suppliers and prepare storage10- BObtain quotation and get the approval 20A. DInform The accountant 10C. EReceive Goods20D G H. GChecking goods and acceptance5F, C. LO4.3 Explain how quality could be defined and maintained. Quality means different things to different organizations depending on the context. In curry’s quality is more likely to essay mean service excellence and customer care which is measured in terms of meeting customer expectations and essay over customer satisfaction.

http://www.iia.org.uk/en/Knowledge_Centre/Resource_Library/quality.cfm •how to ensure the overall quality standard in curry’s. -Providing vision and direction to achieve results. -Making decisions using accurate data and facts. -Delivering value through the development of individuals. -Managing process through an of science integrated approach. -Focusing on awa essay tips customers and anticipating future needs. Quality management tools, standards and models.

-ISO 9000 series. -Total quality management. -Investors in people. •To achieve quality standards in curry’s need to, -Provide quick response to customer feedbacks and problems. -Have fully trained staffs. -Revise supply chain of the products if products, defects higher than the returns expected per day. -Have up to date software’s and hardware’s to provide after sales services if required. Conclusion and and islam recommendation.

Operations management is a broad area of business management that involves labor relations, statistics, manufacturing control, and policy creation, among other things Being a good operation manager demands lots of hard work and dedication as he/she has to demonstrate how he/she manage scarce resources, time, cost, quality and so on. Planning and control has to be carefully monitored and in case the latter go out of hand it is impossible to keep the business on the right track. Investopedia. (2011). Operations Management. MIT Sloan School of Management. (2012). Operations Management. Available: http://sloan.mit.edu/omg/om-definition.php. Operations Management. (2012). Operations Management. Angell, Linda C., and Robert D. Klassen. “Integrating Environmental Issues into the Mainstream: An Agenda for Research in Operations Management.” Journal of Operations Management. August 1999.

Weiss, Howard J., and Mark E. Argumentative Essay Over Surgery! Gershon. Production and Operations Management. Allyn and of science and islam Bacon, 1989. Bateman, Thomas S., and Carl P. Zeithaml. Management: Function and Strategy. Richard D. Irwin, 1990. Ashim G. (2009). Organisation’s External Environmental.

Slack, N., Chambers, S. and Johnston R. Awa Essay Tips! (2004) Operations Management (4th Edition), Harlow: Pearson Education. Basic Decision Making Tools. Essay Of Science And Islam! (2012). Gmat Awa Essay Tips! OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT. Essay! Available: http://www.masterclassmanagement.com/BusinessManagementCourse-BasicDecisionMakingTools.html Bailetti, A. J., Litva, P. F. Glue Essays! (1995). Integrating Customer Requirements into Product Designs.

Journal of Product Innovation Management, 12(1), 3-15. Productivity Press. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VD5-3XX6S36-23/2/23228d6294be75b53b3295d8b9d9e2c8 Hart, C.W. (1996). Made to Order. Essay And Islam! Marketing Manage- ment, 5(2), 12–22.

Marc L. Songini. (2000). Just-in-Time Manufacturing. Available: http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/54131/Just_in_Time_Manufacturing?taxonomyId=126pageNumber=2. Team quest 2010 http://www.teamquest.com/solutions/itil/service-delivery/capacity-management/index.htm Schniederjans, M. Q. Cao. (2001). Analternative analysis of inventory costs of JIT and EOQ purchasing.

InternationalJournal of Physical Distribution Logistics, (31), 2, pp. 190-117. Duncan H. (2012). Project. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 24 March 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Operations Management in Business. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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2017 MBA Essay Questions: Cornell Johnson. Cornell Johnson 2017 Two-Year MBA Essay Questions Class of 2020. Here are the Class of 2020 Full-Time essays for Johnson. A goals statement, plus two formal essays and an optional essay: At Cornell, we value students who create impact. Please indicate the opportunities for impact that you’ve identified through engagement with our community and describe how what you learned has influenced your decision to and islam, apply to Johnson. 500 words You are the university of iowa author of of science and islam, your Life Story. Argumentative Plastic Surgery. Please create the Table of Contents for the book in the space provided or upload it as an attachment. We value creativity and essay and islam, authenticity and encourage you to argumentative essay plastic surgery, approach this essay with your unique style. Alternative submission formats may include a slide presentation, links to pre-existing media (personal website, digital portfolio, YouTube etc.), as well as visually enhanced written submissions. 500 words or under 5 minutes for a multimedia (audio/video). The Life Story essay has been a staple for the Johnson app for many years now.

It#8217;s different enough that you won#8217;t be able to re-use what you produce for Booth or MIT or NYU, but similar chunks of content may work across some of those others. For the Impact Essay, a post we wrote specifically for Wharton may also be useful to help you stay on track. The Cornell optional essay is a standard optional essay #8212; meaning, it#8217;s truly optional and only should be submitted if you have important information to explain such as gaps in employment or low GPA (where you have a REASON and not an EXCUSE). Reapplicants who tried last year also need to use the essay of science and islam optional essay to catering, explain how they have improved since last time. Essay Of Science. (We have a Reapplicant Guide if you#8217;re in that boat!). Our The EssaySnark Cornell essay guide is the 2016 version but it#8217;s still valid for 2017! Not sure when we#8217;ll be able to essay thesis, do a refresh on this one. You will get access to any updates if/when we do provided it#8217;s within your original 90-day subscription term. All the info in the existing version should still be quite helpful for you today! Cornell has been VERY welcoming to the military candidate lately.

Military students went from 2% of the Class of 2013, to an incredible 11% of the Class of 2018. We don#8217;t know of any other school that#8217;s admitted such a high proportion. If you#8217;re active duty or a vet of the U.S. armed services, we offer some special opportunities to essay, help with your MBA apps. Cornell MBA Letters of Recommendations. Cornell Johnson Full-Time 2-Year MBA Application Deadlines. October Round: October 5, 2017 this is advantageous compared to other schools#8217; first rounds because you#8217;ll get your decision really early! In November, in fact. That would be nice, eh? November Round: November 15, 2017 this can be a great date to try for, especially if you#8217;re in the U.S.: It#8217;s after the catering business plan crush of Round 1 but before the Thanksgiving holiday, so you have a lull in the cycle. (We#8217;re not trying to imply that international applicants would not benefit from essay of science and islam, Round 2 at university of iowa, Cornell, but Americans may appreciate getting another app out of the way before the end of November, just for of science and islam, personal and gmat, family reasons!) January Round: January 10, 2018 This is one of the later January deadlines, so THANK YOU, Cornell! They also have a final fourth round in March, and they#8217;ll even accept applications once that date has passed but it#8217;s getting into the trickier stages to be applying to and islam, any school at that point on the calendar. Try for one of the first three rounds identified above for your best chances.

Note, too, that the deadlines for service, the Cornell 1-Year MBA may be different. Please see the Johnson website to essay of science and islam, confirm. With most schools we suggest targeting any round through a January deadline and tips, that applies here, too, except that they have four rounds which gives you more milestones to try for. There typically are more options with Cornell in fact, they#8217;ll even keep accepting applications after their final round in March #8212; but it#8217;s certainly better to stick with Rounds 1, 2 or 3. Past Cornell MBA Essays EssaySnark#8217;s Analysis. Here#8217;s what we said about previous years#8217; Johnson applications, in case you want to and islam, see where this school is coming from. Click to view 2016 questions. Two questions plus an optional essay: At Cornell, we value students who create impact. Please indicate the argumentative essay over plastic opportunities for impact that you have identified through engagement with our community and essay of science and islam, describe how these interactions have influenced your decision to apply to Johnson. 500 words You are the author of your Life Story. Please create the awa essay Table of Contents for the book in the space provided or upload it as an attachment. Essay Of Science. We value creativity and authenticity and awa essay, encourage you to of science, approach this essay with your unique style.

Alternative submission formats may include a slide presentation, links to pre-existing media (personal website, digital portfolio, YouTube etc.), as well as visually enhanced written submissions. They haven#8217;t had a formal written essay in some time, so that first question is awa essay new in essay of science and islam 2016. It#8217;s reminiscent of what Wharton is plan asking, with their #8220;contribution#8221; essay (we issued some warnings on writing for essay of science, that before). Additional random comments: 6/29/16 They#8217;re not numbering their rounds anymore; they#8217;ve gone back to October Round, November Round, etc. Dissertation Service Usa Ottawa. Not sure if that makes things more confusing, or less! 7/31/16 It appears that Cornell is adopting the newly-standardized 4-question Letters of Recommendation requirements that other schools are using. Essay Of Science And Islam. [End last year#8217;s questions section.] Click to dissertation service usa ottawa, view 2015 questions. Essay. 7/24/15 It appears that Johnson is using the identical essays to last year, they#8217;ve just been very kind to you and disability, increased the limits.

Table of Contents You are the essay author for tips, the book of Your Life Story. In 500 words or less, please create the table of contents for the book in the space provided or upload it as an attachment. We value creativity and authenticity and encourage you to approach this essay with your unique style. Alternative submission formats may include a slide presentation, links to pre-existing media (personal website, digital portfolio, YouTube etc.), as well as visually enhanced written submissions. What are your short and long term goals and how do you see the of science Cornell MBA enabling you to argumentative essay plastic, achieve both? (500 words) There#8217;s also a whole bunch of essay of science and islam, other questions in glue essays their online application, plus the standard optional essay (reapplicants should use that to explain how they#8217;ve improved since originally applying). We go into of science and islam, these details in usa ottawa our new-this-year Cornell MBA Application Guide , to give you all that you need to do a bang-up job on your essays for this school. And Islam. In terms of deadlines: Cornell keeps messing with the system! #128512; They retained their three rounds this year but those dates are very different than any other school.

Up through the 2012-#8217;13 app season, Cornell had four rounds. In 2014 they switched to the traditional three rounds with standardized deadlines like every other top school has. Now they#8217;ve gone back to four rounds for words, 2015, and they also will accept late apps even after their final deadline in March. [End 2015 questions section.] These questions are not much different from 2013 except that #8220;300 words#8221; has turned into #8220;1,000 characters#8221; and they have categorized a bunch of short-answer responses as #8220;essays#8221; which is a little confusing. The first question is the only one that allows you to upload a file; the others must be entered into and islam, the text field in their form, which means you can#8217;t submit more than they ask for. Creative Submission Required for All Applicants: You are the author for the book of Your Life Story.

In 1000 characters or less, please write the table of contents for the book in the space provided or upload it as an attachment. Note: approach this essay with your unique style. We value creativity and catering business plan, authenticity. Targeted Job Type: What is the job that you would like to have immediately upon and islam, graduating with your MBA? (1000 characters) Post-Collegiate Activities: List community activities (clubs, church, civic, etc.) and professional associations you contributed to since graduation from college. Essay Plastic. Please include the organization name, your role, hours dedicated, elected offices held, and dates of participation (1000 character limit). Of Science And Islam. List your extracurricular activities while in college in order of words essays, importance to of science and islam, you.

You may include details about your positions and the time commitment, honors or awards received, and dates of argumentative essay over surgery, participation. The list may also include part-time and summer employment held while in of science and islam college. Please list your employer, job title, responsibilities, hours per surgery week, and the dates for each position (1000 character limit). And Islam. Collegiate Activities and business, Employment: Please describe any hobbies or activities that hold special significance for you (1000 character limit). Optional Essay: Complete this essay if you would like to add additional details regarding your candidacy. For instance, if you believe one or more aspects of of science, your application (e.g., undergraduate record or test scores) do not accurately reflect your potential for success at the Johnson School. Argumentative Essay Surgery. (1000 character limit) The optional essay really is optional; you should only essay of science use it to explain oddities in usa ottawa your profile that you#8217;re not covering elsewhere. Don#8217;t feel like you should tell them about this great leadership example from work as a way to of science and islam, fill the gmat space. Put that example in your Book of Life if you feel it#8217;s important enough to include, or just rely on essay and islam your resume to disability thesis, tell the story. The other questions are no different than what other schools ask, so again, a little strange that the essay app has them categorized as #8220;essays.#8221; They#8217;re definitely not long enough to be considered as such. The 1,000-character limit means you get about two standard-sized paragraphs, though the fields do allow formatting and many of the questions lend themselves to a bulleted list answer instead of a block of text.

Just so you can gauge it, this paragraph is dissertation writing service just about 535 characters; the paragraph above about the optional essay is essay of science 375. This is the first school we#8217;ve seen to use Salesforce to deploy its MBA application. They#8217;re touting this feature where you can pull in catering business plan your LinkedIn profile to essay and islam, populate the employment and education sections. This is optional; you don#8217;t have to click that button if you don#8217;t want to. We don#8217;t see any disadvantage in doing that, so go ahead if you#8217;re on LinkedIn and want to essay surgery, save some data entry. Honestly that seems like the biggest benefit though, and even that may be a little overhyped; the system says that not all fields will be populated so you#8217;ll still need to go through and and islam, fill in the gaps. Words Essays. Still, kudos to Johnson for embracing technology it#8217;s certainly not something we see the bschools doing much of! They are saying that it#8217;s their Johnson Tech MBA that provided the impetus for this (Johnson is partnering with Google on some stuff so it#8217;s clear they#8217;re embracing the convergence of tech and business again, not something we see too often from MBA programs). And Islam. The strategy for putting together your Johnson essay needs to be the same as it#8217;s always been: Communicate who you are through this structured exercise of the #8220;story of your life#8221; and share some of the real you in that way. Gmat Tips. And oh yeah, communicate your goals concisely, too. Essay Of Science. [End 2014 questions section.] Here#8217;s the 2013 Cornell essay questions: Essay 1: Who You Are.

You are the author for essay, the book of Your Life Story. In 300 words or less please write the table of contents for the book. Essay Of Science And Islam. Note: approach this essay with your unique style. We value creativity and essay over plastic surgery, authenticity. Essay 2: Who You Turn Out to Be. (150 words for each part, uploaded as a single document) When did you decide that business school was the next step for you? (Was this an of science and islam epiphany or an evolutionary process? What was the catalyst that caused you to consider this next step?) Johnson values people that make things happen for themselves. Give an example of how you have initiated this for university of iowa, yourself.

Please describe your immediate post MBA career goals. Of Science And Islam. On 7/26/13 Cornell updated their Deadlines page to clarify that they will still accept #8220;late#8221; applications through April. Over. This basically moves them back to a 4-round admissions season all over essay of science and islam again! It#8217;s good to see this flexibility but it#8217;s a little baffling why they#8217;re doing it this way. Why not just keep four rounds? Maybe it#8217;s because they#8217;re trying to gmat awa essay, accommodate all their admissions under the same schedule, and the One-Year MBA starts in May so they can#8217;t have a round hit that late in the season and still get people in there. Essay. [End 2013 questions section.] How would you characterize your career since college? Tell us about your short and long term career goals. Choose one: You are the author for the book of Your Life Story. Please write the table of surgery, contents for the book. Note: Approach this essay with your unique style.

We value creativity and essay and islam, authenticity. Describe a situation taken from your personal or professional life where you failed and awa essay, tell us what you learned. What does diversity mean to you and how will you contribute to essay of science and islam, the diversity of our community at Johnson? [End 2012 questions section.] Another school we#8217;re tracking with interest (March 2016) Schools where Round 3 is viable (January 2013) one-year MBA options (April 2012) The one less traveled by: CORNELL (January 2012) We don#8217;t have a lot of gmat awa essay, Cornell essays reviewed on the blahg (feel free to send us yours this season!). However you can reference essay reviews from several other schools to and islam, get a feel for how to handle Cornell. There are obvious differences between these programs but some strong similarities, too, so these are worth studying as you work on your Johnson application: The Cornell Application Guide walks you through the important elements of this application and how to position yourself effectively. Dissertation Writing Service Usa Ottawa. 2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from essay of science, scratch to help you with the 2017 app!

The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to words, help you with the of science nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on The 'Snark. Argumentative Plastic. I think that the essay of science reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in order to maximize my . Writing Service Usa Ottawa. Thanks so much for the additional feedback ES. I really appreciate it. I just submitted my HBS app, . What were we snarking about at essay of science and islam, this time in past years? 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom? 2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2016 : No, you don't have to actually do the thing you say you will do in gmat the career goals essay.

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!--BACKGROUND=/backgrounds/ltgray_aluminum.gif-- Guidelines for Writing a Political Theory Essay. Professor Anna Marie Smith. Department of Government, Cornell University. A. The purpose of political theory writing. 1. The theoretical issues, rather than empirical facts presented on their own, are most important for us. Remember that your assignment is designed as an exercise in interpreting political theory. Emphasize the theoretical aspects of your answer. Empirical material such as historical details and statistical data should be used to essay of science and islam support your answer where appropriate, but you should aim primarily to demonstrate your ability to argue coherently and catering business plan effectively within well-defined theoretical frameworks.

2. Make a compelling argument. Your goal is to present an accurate treatment of the basic interpretive facts, but then to conduct a dialogue with the essay and islam text and to give your opinion on the theoretical problem at disability essay, hand. For example, political theory essays often deal with a normative issue (known colloquially as the ought question.) Martin Luther King Jr. thought that the achievement of genuine racial equality would require both the elimination of discrimination against essay of science, African-Americans and the redistribution of income from the wealthy to the poor. A good political theory treatment of this argument would not make any mistakes on the basic interpretive facts that are beyond dispute. Writing Usa Ottawa! It would, for example, trace King's influences back to the civil rights movement and Christian theological discourse. But it would also move into the realm of the should statement as well.

The political theory essay would advance a clear normative argument; the author would take a position either for essay of science or against King's claim. Catering Business Plan! Now an economist might respond to King argument by seeking to find an absolutely precise measurement of the distribution of wealth in the United States and the developed world during the 1960s. For the political theorist, however, it is the conceptual puzzle implicit in King's statement that commands our attention. Of Science! According to argumentative essay over King, how is the distribution of income related to racial inequality? What is his understanding of and islam key concepts such as racial integration, freedom and democracy? Why did he believe that the passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s had not brought racism to an end? In your opinion, is King's argument persuasive? Note that the reader cannot, in glue words essays, all fairness, expect the political theory essay to present a correct answer. And Islam! The political theory essay attempts to persuade the reader by advancing a compelling argument that is well supported by tips detailed and insightful interpretive work. 3. Essay Of Science And Islam! Develop a thesis and sustain your thesis argument throughout the essays paper.

Each essay should be organized in terms of a thesis that emphasizes a conceptual argument, rather than a mere summary of the texts or a general theme. Take a position, state clearly what your position is, and then mobilize textual references to convince your reader that you are right, and that you have approached the question in a fair-minded and essay of science thoughtful manner. Essays that are not built on a thesis tend to summarize the text and to wander aimlessly from point to disability thesis point. 4. Engage with the of science and islam themes of the course and the texts that we are studying. A good paper strikes the reader as a work that could not have been written unless the student author had attended the course lectures/seminars, taken part in class discussions, and engaged with the assigned reading. Aim to conduct a sustained scholarly dialogue with the questions raised in class and in your texts. You are welcome to take any reasonable position in your essay, but engagement with the dissertation usa ottawa assigned texts is mandatory. Think of it this way: you can choose, within reasonable limits, the position from of science and islam which you will speak in your essay, but you must speak to the assigned reading. 5. Define your terms.

Political theorists should aim to define terms with great precision. Political theorists contribute to the study of politics by gmat shedding new light on the conceptual dimensions of key political problems. As soon as you introduce a term into your essay, you should define it very clearly. As always, carefully footnote the passages from the text that you are using to build your definitions. 6. Support empirical claims.

Where your argument does depend upon factual claims, you must state them clearly in essay of science, a precise manner, and dissertation writing service usa ottawa you must footnote your source. 7. Leave yourself enough time to essay write a full outline and multiple drafts. I understand that you will find yourselves writing last-minute papers and “cramming” for exams, but I encourage you to avoid this approach where political theory papers are concerned. The best theoretical papers take a great deal of university of iowa dissertations reflection and critical revision. Aim to finish the next-to-final draft several days before the due date, so that you will have enough time to put it away for a couple of days. Then re-read your draft -- because you will be looking at the paper with fresh eyes, you will be able to detect weak passages and problematic transitions much easier --, make your final corrections, and hand it in. B. Interpreting the essay of science political theory text. 1. Put your analytical voice at the forefront throughout the essay . Emphasize your informed argument. Gmat Awa Essay Tips! The political theory essay is never just a research report that collects a number of quotations and strings them together; we want to see evidence that you have done the appropriate reading and that you are thinking independently and and islam creatively about the text. 2. Always remember that the essay is an academic mode of discourse . Almost every student lapses into casual language usage and sloppy argumentation in their essays.

Do not use the kind of words, phrases and arguments that you would use in argumentative plastic surgery, other contexts, such as e-mail, your personal journal, conversations with friends, journalistic articles or an address to a political rally. In political theory writing, the more you strike a thoughtful and scholarly tone, the more your reader will trust your judgment. 3. Essay Of Science! On a few occasions, you will quote directly from the text. Of Iowa! This can be particularly appropriate when you are dealing with a richly textured passage in which the text advances an argument that is central to your paper. But after giving the direct quotation, you should then offer your own penetrating commentary. Do not fill out your answers with long direct quotations from the text. In short papers up to 15 pages in length, no single direct quotation should be longer than 20 to 50 words in length. Between one and four direct quotations would be appropriate for this type of essay paper. 4. For the most part, you will be avoiding direct quotations altogether; you will be practicing the art of the concise paraphrase . You should choose appropriate passages from the text and put them in glue words, your own words, taking care throughout the paper to capture the nuances of the text, and to footnote the original source. (Plagiarism is strictly forbidden.) Following each paraphrase, you should once again bring your own analytical voice to the forefront by giving your own commentary. In other words, your paper should never strike the reader as a simple set of textual summaries. Of Science! Make the texts work for you but pay attention to the more complicated aspects of their arguments.

Discuss not only their obvious meaning but their subtle and even contradictory dimensions as well. Dissertation! With every reference to a text, your argument should become more clear, convincing and of science sophisticated. 5. When analyzing the writing service usa ottawa text of a given theorist, carefully reconstruct the argument in your own words, with full notation as required. Essay! Your goal should be to make the strongest possible case for his/her argument , on his/her terms and from his/her point of glue words essays view. By all means introduce your own opinions about the text, but only after you have provided a sophisticated reconstruction of its argument. 6. You should explore the meaning of each text very carefully . If you are opposed to of science and islam an argument, you must nevertheless recognize its strengths. By the awa essay tips same token, you must indicate the weaknesses and contradictions in the texts that you happen to favor.

Any essay that fails to of science do this will miss the awa essay opportunity to engage in advanced forms of essay of science interpretive work. The political theory essay differs in words essays, this respect from polemical writing, debate speeches, and closing arguments in a trial. Essay! If you agree with the text without carefully reconstructing its position, then your agreement will come too easily and you will fail to note the service text's own contradictions and weaknesses. If, by of science contrast, you criticize the text without considering its strengths, you will be reducing the text to a straw man and engaging in a dismissive reading where subtle, detailed and sensitive commentary is words essays required. 7. Essay! Use the argumentative non-expert scholar figure as your target audience. Write your paper as if you will be submitting it to a professor who studies politics, but who is not an essay expert on the material you are dealing with. This will remind you to use any complicated terminology sparingly, to define all key terms thoroughly, and to avoid taking for granted the meaning of complicated debates and issues. Take care to lead the non-expert scholar through the twists and turns of your argument, and make sure that your imaginary reader will regard your work as an accessible and persuasive paper.

Perhaps something that seems obvious to you actually needs more explanation and detailed interrogation. By teaching the non-expert scholar figure about political theory, you will become a better political theorist yourself. As Wittgenstein says, the best way to dissertation writing find out if someone really understands the meaning of a word is to ask her or him to teach someone else about the word and its usage. 8. Anticipate any reasonable objections that your reader might raise, lay them out in the strongest and most empathetic manner possible, and then give your rebuttal. You may find that this process will actually lead you to reconsider your own position and spur you to write a richer and more penetrating paper. 1. Present the and islam different parts of your argument in essay over, a logical order.

Explain to of science and islam the reader in explicit terms why you are proceeding from one idea to the next. In a longer piece (i.e. over 10 pages) use subtitles to help the reader to follow the progression of your argument. Your reader should never have to usa ottawa wonder why a specific sentence was included, or why a certain paragraph came before another one. 2. Personal reflections and autobiographical information are acceptable; in fact, first person writing has become prominent in feminist and critical race theory writing. (See, for example, the work of Patricia J. Essay Of Science And Islam! Williams.) For our purposes, however, personal writing is only appropriate insofar as it is well integrated into your theoretical argument. You should keep in mind that personal material is never an adequate substitute for theoretical analysis. 3. Glue Words Essays! You should meticulously edit your paper and eliminate spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. 4. You should incorporate several references to the assigned texts into your answer and these references should be noted clearly throughout.

All noting systems are acceptable. In a typical political theory paper, you might have between 3 to 10 notes per page. 5. Essay Of Science! Attach a bibliography if you have not made reference in your footnotes to every source that you consulted while conducting your research and writing the paper. I reserve the gmat awa essay tips right to conduct an internet search relating to any part of your assignment to check for essay and islam plagiarism. 6. I consider the notes that you take during my lectures as common property; you do not have to provide a footnote to them. By the dissertation writing same token, do not rely entirely on your lecture notes; you should depend, first and foremost, on your own reading. 7. We expect you to abide by the plagiarism code of the university in all work that you submit to your professors for essay of science and islam a grade. Disability Thesis! Note too that although I often require students to circulate their seminar papers to the members of the class e-mail list, and of science that I often encourage political theory students to read exemplary student papers and theses that I place on reserve, you may not copy any material from a student paper without providing a full citation to that work. Double submission is also forbidden. This rule often raises a lot of questions in students' minds. If you anticipate that your paper might resemble another piece of work that you have done/are doing for another course, please make an appointment with me to gmat awa essay discuss the overlap situation.

8. Deadlines are meant to ensure that each individual student receives fair and equal treatment. I only give extensions to students who have a documented medical excuse. 9. Please deliver your paper, in essay of science and islam, hard copy format, to my mailbox on plastic, the second floor of White Hall, by of science and islam 4:30 on the due date. I cannot accept e-mail attachments because they have crashed my computer too many times ! Some short examples of writing styles. (Please also consult the work that I am placing on reserve for this course.) A. Question: Analyze the media coverage of the LAPD trials related to the beating of Rodney King. The meaning of the videotape was shaped by the defence lawyers in the courtroom. According to essays Crenshaw and of science Peller,

What many people did not comprehend was that police brutality, just like discrimination, does not speak for itself. This very struggle over meaning is precisely what the intense contestations about race in of iowa, the law are really about. Rather than providing some kind of firm ground to challenge racist institutional practices, notions of formal equality, objectivity, neutrality, and essay and islam the like tend to obscure the way that race is experienced by the vast majority of essay African Americans in essay and islam, this society. (Crenshaw and Peller 1993: 64) So we can see that oppressed people cannot control the ways in which the law is writing usa ottawa used against them. The student has clearly read the assigned text by Crenshaw and Peller, but he or she is relying on of science and islam, the quotation too much. The student should put the quotation into his or her own words and then give his or her commentary. The problem is that his or her voice has been lost altogether. The student has merely gone into catering business plan the text, found some key passages, and then pasted them together. Although the student has grasped the basic meaning of the text, the more complex aspects of essay and islam Crenshaw and Peller's argument seem to awa essay be eluding him or her. This writing is at a C to B- level. Having examined the general political context for the LAPD trials in essay of science, Los Angeles, California and essay surgery the United States as a whole, we will now consider the ways in which the trial was conducted and represented in the media.

At this point, we must insist on the fact that racial meanings have become so politicized in American society that virtually every racial representation is the product of intensive contestation. The videotape of King's beating -- images that many assumed would be taken on face value as objective evidence of the and islam the LAPD officers' guilt -- was no exception. Crenshaw and Peller point out that the legal debates on argumentative essay over, race are precisely centered on struggles about meaning. Essay And Islam! They demonstrate, for example, that the LAPD officers' defence used the same legal strategy that anti-affirmative action plaintiffs use in court: they attempted to restrict the glue words category of legitimate evidence and to re-define unfavourable evidence by of science and islam placing it in over, the most favourable context possible. Essay! (1992: 64) In my opinion, the essay plastic management of racial imagery plays an of science and islam integral role in writing, the entire system of essay and islam institutional racism. As I stated above with reference to the black power movement and the social theory of institutionalization, institutional racism depends upon the discrediting of African-Americans such that discrimination against blacks becomes unconsciously integrated into the normal way of doing things. That discrediting process depends in essay thesis, part upon the selective use of facts, and and islam the re-contextualization of facts that would otherwise constitute evidence of oppression.

Re-contextualize the video of King's beating, or re-contextualize the under-representation of blacks in higher education, and you can diminish the sense that racial discrimination has taken place. It is only when we take Crenshaw and Peller's warning about the disability thesis constructed nature of every racial image seriously that we can begin to analyze the media coverage of the trials. The student's own argument is driving the essay: she is taking a position and defending it; the reference to essay of science the article is paraphrased accurately and properly noted; the student clearly has a thesis and is marshalling her references to dissertation service support her argument; she is building a case, presenting the of science different parts of the argument in a logical order, and telling the reader very clearly why she is moving from one idea to plan the next. There is a slight risk that the student is moving too quickly from one idea to the next; the reader might be a bit dazzled by all the of science and islam quick transitions. Gmat Awa Essay Tips! Hopefully, the student will return to the themes discussed here at several junctures so that we can get a more clear sense of his or her argument. This section of the paper would merit a grade of A- or better. B. Question: Can a society marked by a substantial inequality in essay of science and islam, wealth maintain and glue essays deepen a genuinely democratic form of government ? Its pretty obvious that the system is run by rich white men.

We will never get campaign finance reform because the lobbyists for rich white men are incredibly powerful. (http://www.conspiracytheory.com) So many Americans don't even bother to vote. First, we do not have the sense that the student is writing a political theory essay and engaging with the content of a political theory course. The passage reads like something the student could have written without taking the course at all. What do political theorists mean when they describe a particular type of essay of science and islam government as democratic? The student is taking for granted that we only need to discuss whether or not individuals have the right to vote and actually exercise that right. The conceptual debates on the meaning of democracy are vastly more complicated than this implicit assumption. The tone of the passage is far too casual, journalistic and gmat awa essay clich-ridden. Phrases such as it's pretty obvious or some people say do not belong in essay and islam, an academic essay. Its ought to be spelled it's.

Contractions, such as don't should also not be used; write the long form (do not) instead. The term, the system, is a popular clich that is far too vague. Which system are we dealing with here: the political parties, the bureaucracy, the private corporate sector, etc.? Campaign finance reform is not defined. Rich white men is not an academic phrase.

The student should be referring to university of iowa specific socio-economic classes, such as the bourgeoisie, or even more precisely, specific parts of the bourgeois class, such as finance capitalists or industrialists. We cannot assume that the white race and the male gender always coincides perfectly with wealth -- what about wealthy women, poor whites, and wealthy non-whites? It is plausible that campaign finance reform is being thwarted by certain corporate interest groups, but exactly how are they doing this? What does the writer exactly mean by powerful? If she or he is referring to the way in and islam, which political representatives' voting records on reform sometimes correspond to their fund-raising activities in the private sector, then this argument should be developed in an explicit manner. The cited source, the gmat tips web page, is not an of science and islam acceptable academic text. Web page sources must be used very carefully. Data should be drawn primarily from articles and texts that have been published by academic publishers.

Data from the essay over plastic surgery publications of (non-partisan) governmental agencies is also acceptable. The latter are often available on essay and islam, the web through the Cornell Library Gateway; ask a reference librarian if you need help locating them. Where your essay depends on factual claims, you should avoid using journalistic sources to support those claims. The only type of journalistic source that is acceptable is what is called the newspaper of tips record: in the United States, the New York Times and the Washington Post are good examples. References to and islam Time Magazine, Newsweek, CNN reports and so on are not legitimate. Finally, the essay is skipping between too many complicated ideas too quickly.

Again, it is entirely plausible that there is essay over a connection between the lack of campaign finance reform and voting participation rates. If the agendas of the Republicans and Democrats are in essay and islam, fact influenced by wealthy interest groups first and foremost, then the large numbers of Americans who are not represented by those interest groups will not see the issues that matter to them discussed and dealt with by the two parties. Glue Words Essays! Less wealthy Americans may therefore feel increasingly alienated from politics, and those feelings of alienation may lead them to stop voting altogether. Essay Of Science And Islam! However, a critic might say that the presence of third party alternatives, or more responsive local and state party structures, or a popular social movement could nevertheless spur greater turn-out rates. The essay needs to engage with political theory texts, build each argument one at a time, give full and careful treatment to each claim, construct the argument using clearly defined academic terms, anticipate the objections of a critic, support important factual claims with academic sources, and then clearly indicate how the essay is moving logically on to the next point. This passage is an awa essay tips example of writing that would receive a grade of of science and islam C- or worse. The tension between the type of inequality that is present in any capitalist social structure on the one hand, and liberal democracy on over surgery, the other, is explored in a perceptive manner by Marx in his article, On the Jewish Question. (footnote) Marx was addressing the essay and islam fact that Jews had suffered enormous discrimination in of iowa, Europe; they had been barred from holding office and and islam from practicing most professions and crafts.

In some cases, they had even been quarantined in special residential zones. During the mid-nineteenth century, European authorities liberated the Jew in the sense that they dismantled these official exclusionary rules. Marx used the unique position of the business Jewish people to illustrate his argument that no one could achieve genuine freedom and equality as long as the capitalist system remained intact. Essay Of Science! As we have seen in our discussion of Locke, individual freedom and equality of opportunity are necessary components of any liberal democratic order. Writing Usa Ottawa! By all appearances, the liberated Jew enjoyed freedom and equality in this sense; he or she had the right to of science and islam own property, to enter contracts, to serve in a public office, and -- where the franchise existed -- to vote.

But Marx points out that the liberated Jew has only been granted the sort of freedom and equality that are possible in market society. The liberated Jew has only achieved the disability essay thesis same status as every other individual in a capitalist world. That individual is, in essence, divided into two halves. There is the citizen half; in essay of science and islam, this mode, the individual considers the good of the whole and prioritizes the community. Then there is the glue words essays competitor half. In this second mode, the individual puts aside the generosity of spirit and essay fellow-feeling that he or she expresses when he or she is in the citizen mode and struggles against every other individual to gain as much capital as possible.(footnote) In the competitor mode, the individual will find himself or herself sorted very quickly into a class group, based on whether or not he or she owns the means of production. Marx concludes that there can be no reconciliation of the citizen/competitor split within the individual until private property is abolished and the capitalist system is overthrown.(footnote) Rousseau advances a similar argument in dissertation, his Essay on the Origin of Inequality. Once again we have the opposition between the two modes within the individual: the unselfish and empathetic mode, and the mean-spirited competitive mode. . The author emphasizes the essay of science and islam conceptual problems throughout, giving only a brief summary of the historical issues touched on by Marx, so that he or she can progress quickly to the key conceptual argument. The sign-posting to other passages in the essay (as we have seen . Catering! ) is of science and islam helpful without being too intrusive, and the topic of each paragraph is over plastic surgery clearly introduced in the first sentence.

The author is building the argument in a comparative manner, but he or she is essay and islam not simply summarizing each text. Instead, he or she is picking out the relevant conceptual arguments in Locke, Marx and Rousseau and giving concise paraphrasing treatment to the important passages. One aspect of the essay is being postponed here; we do not hear the voice of the author himself or herself in this paragraph. Presumably, the author is going to bring forth his or her own opinion in the following section of the paper. Provided that he or she does so, the paper would probably receive a grade of A. These guidelines apply only to the assignments in my classes.

Other professors may be looking for different elements in the assignments for disability essay their courses.